The Referee and Umpire Bibliography (RUB)


A collection of essential readings, links to peer-reviewed research and scientific evidence concerning refereeing and umpiring. Open to all.


Compiled by:
Peter Simmons and Ian Cunningham,  School of Communication and Creative Industries, Charles Sturt University, Australia.


Latest news:

Movement & Sport Sciences - Science & Motricité [Special Issue: Officials in Sports]
Link to Editorial article [free access],  Link to all special issue articles [subscription required]

1st International Conference on the Science and Practice of Sports Refereeing
Hosted by: PERF Arbitrage, Blaise Pascal University (Clermont-Ferrand, France) - September 22-24, 2014
Link to Book of Abstracts,  Link to video of full conference proceedings

Recent book publications:

Sports officials and officiating: Science and practice
  (2014) 
MacMahon, C., Mascarenhas, D., Plessner, H., Pizzera, A., Oudejans, R., & Raab, M. (Oxon: Routledge).

A Ciência da Arbitragam em Portugal   (2014)
[ The science of refereeing in Portugal ]
Montiel, A., Pina, J., Pereira, V., & Araujo, D. (Portugal Football Federation).

 
Author(s) Year Topic / Key Words Title / Information Link
Sorry, no rows match your search.
Riedl, D.; Strauss, B.; Heuer, A.; Rubner, O.2015home advantage, referee bias, injury time, charity biasFinale furioso: referee-biased injury times and their effects on home advantage in football. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33, 327-336.
Link to article [subscription only]
Hancock, D.; Rix-Lièvre, G; Côte, J.2015referees, arbiters, personality, stress, decision-makingCitation network analysis of research on sport officials: a lack of interconnectivity. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology.
DOI: 10.1080/1750984X.2015.1022202
Link to article [subscription only]
Dawson, P.; Dobson, S. 2010social pressure, nationality, decision making, referee home bias, footballThe influence of social pressure and nationality on individual decisions: Evidence from the behaviour of referees. Journal of Economic Psychology, 31(2), 181-191.
doi: 10.1016/j.joep.2009.06.001
Link to article [subscription only]
Anderson, K.; Pierce, D. 2009judgement, officiating, decision-making, basketballOfficiating bias: The effect of foul differential on foul calls in NCAA basketball. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27 (7), 687-694.
Link to article [subscription only]
da Silva, A.; Perez, R.; Fernandes, L. 2007women, referee, soccer, physical capacityDetermining physical capacity and anthropometric profile of soccer woman referee. Fitness and Performance Journal (Online Edition), 6(1), 45-52.
Link to article [open access]

Anshel, M.1995behavior, performance, basketball, refereeDevelopment of a rating scale for determining competence in basketball referees: implications for sport psychology. The Sport Psychologist, 9 (1), 4-28.
Link to article [subscription only]
Coulomb-Cabagno, G.; Rascle, O.; Souchon, N.2005aggression, gender, referees' decisions, soccerPlayers' gender and male referees' decisions about aggression in french soccer: a preliminary study. Sex Roles, 52 (7/8), 547-553.
Link to article [subscription only]
Cavalié, H.; Ebal, E.; Maso, F.; Michaux, O.; Lac, G.2005referee, rugby, energetic demand, recoveryIntensité de l’activité et récupération post-match chez l’arbitre de rugby. Science & Sport, 20, 150-152.
Link to article [subscription only]
Anshel, M.; Weinberg, R.1996coping strategies, basketball, referee, stressCoping with acute stress among American and Australian basketball referees. Journal of Sport Behavior, 19(3), 180-203. 
Cornelius, S. 2004law, liability, refereesLiability of referees (match officials) at sports events. International Sports Law Journal(1/2), 52-55; 57-61.
Link to article [open access]
Espregueria-Mendes, J.; Arce, C. 2006injury,  players, refereesReferee lesions. In P. Volpi (Ed.), Football Traumatology. Current Concepts: from Prevention to Treatment (pp. 89-100). Milan: Springer Milan.
Link to book
Dosseville, F.; Scelles, N.; Souchon, N.; Traclet, A.; Edoh, K. 2011home advantage, phenomenonL’avantage de jouer à domicile: Un phénomène entretenu par les arbitres ? In F. Dosseville & S. Laborde (Eds.), Les facettes de l’arbitrage : Recherches et problématiques actuelles (pp. 223-238). Paris: Publibook, Collection Université.
Link to book
Dosseville, F.; Edoh, K. P.; Molinaro, C. 2015home advantage, reconceptualisation, sport officialsSports officials in home advantage phenomenon: A new framework. International Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology.
doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2015.1023422
Link to article [subscription only]
Dosseville, F.; Laborde, S. 2015review, editorial, research summary, officating fieldIntroduction to the special issue: Officials in sports. Movement & Sport Sciences, 87, 3-10.
doi: 10.1051/sm/2015006
Link to article [open access]
Dosseville, F.; Laborde, S.; Garncarzyk, C. 2014decision-making, officating type, judgement, social cognition, experienceCurrent research in Sports officiating and decision-making. In C. Mohiyeddini (Ed.), Contemporary Topics and Trends in the Psychology of Sports (pp. 13-38). New York: Nova Publishers.
Link to book
Dosseville, F.; Laborde, S.; Traclet, A.; Edoh, K.2011ecology, physiology, decisions, performance, behaviorDécisions arbitrales en football et performances physiques en situation écologique : Indicateurs comportementaux et physiologiques. STAPS, Revue Internationale des Sciences du Sport & de l'Education Physique, 93(3), 51-60.
doi: 10.3917/sta.093.0051
Link to article [subscription only]
Balmer, N.; Nevill, A.; Lane, A.2005home advantage, subjective decision making, boxingDo judges enhance home advantage in European championship boxing? Journal of Sports Sciences, 23(4), 409-416. doi: 10.1080/02640410400021583
Link to article [subscription only]
Anshel, M.; Kang, M.; Jubenville, C.2013sports official, referee, umpire, acute stress, Rasch model, item response theorySources of acute sport stress scale for sports officials: Rasch calibration. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14(3), 362-370. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.12.003
Link to article [subscription only]
Alker, H.; Straub, W.; Leary, J.1973personality, performance, role enactment, basketballAchieving consistency: A study of basketball officiating. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 3 (3), 335-343.
Link to article [subscription only]
Anshel, M.; Weinberg, R.1995stress, basketball, referee,  intensity of stress, sources of stressSources of acute stress in American and Australian basketball referees. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 7(1), 11-22. doi: 10.1080/10413209508406297
Link to article [subscription only]
Dosseville,, F.; Laborde, S.; Raab, M.2011perceptual judgment, motor experience, social cognition, embodied cognitionContextual and personal motor experience effects in judo referees’ decisions. The Sport Psychologist, 25 (1), 67–81.
Link to article [subscription only]
Quain, R. & Purdy,  D.1988sport officials, profilesSport officials: who are these people? Journal of Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics, 3, 60-74.
Castagna, C.; Abt, G.; D'Ottavio2005association football, fitness training, talent selection, field testing, intermittent exerciseCompetitive-level differences in Yo-Yo intermittent recovery and Twelve Minute Run Test performance in soccer referees. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19 (4), 805–809.
Link to article [subscription only]
Castagna, C.; Abt, G.; D'Ottavio2007match performance, soccer, physiological responses, trainingPhysiological aspects of soccer refereeing performance and training. Sports Medicine, 37 (7), 625–647.
Link to article [subscription only]
Dosseville, F.; Garncarzyk, C2007decision processes, judgementL’arbitrage des pratiques sportives : Jugement et d´ecision [ Decision-making in sport refereeing ]. Bulletin de Psychologie, 60 (3), 225–237.
Rainey, D.1995stress, baseball, softball, umpire, fear of failure, interpersonal conflict, physical harm, time pressureSources of stress among baseball and softball umpires. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 7, 1-10.
Link to article
Fratzke, M.1975personality, experience, traitsPersonality and biographical traits of superior and average college basketball officials. The Research Quarterly, 46, 484–488.
Burke, K.; Joyner, A.; Pim, A.; Czech, D.2000basketball, trait anxiety, state anxietyself-confiedence, somatic anxietyAn exploratory investigation of the perceptions of anxiety among basketball officials before, during, and after the contest. Journal of Sport Behavior, 23, 11-19.
Rainey, D.; Winterich, D.1995stress, basketball, referee,  survey, intensityMagnitude of stress reported by basketball referees. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 81, 1241-1242.
Link to article [subscription only]
Taylor, A.; Daniel, J.; Leith, L.;  Burke, R.1990turnover, retention, recruitment, desocialization, burnout, soccer, stressPerceived stress, psychological burnout and paths to turnover intentions among sport officials. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2, 84-97.
Link to article [subscription only]
Sunderland, C.; Taylor, E.; Pearce, E.; Spice, C.2011field hockey, high intesity running, time motion analysis, heart rate, umpiring, physical performanceActivity profile and physical demands of male field hockey umpires in international matches. European Journal of Sport Science, 11, 411-417.
Link to article [subscription only]
Millslagle, D.; Hines, B.; Smith, M.2013gaze behavior,  expert, baseball, umpireQuiet gaze behavior of expert, near-expert, baseball plate umpires. Perceptual & Motor Skills: Perception, 116, 69-77.
Sifkus, P.; Howat, G.; Crilley2005umpires, referees, service quality, satisfaction, willingness to recommendService quality attributes specific to the performance of officials (umpires and referees) at an Australian recreation center. World Leisure Journal, 47, 52-64.
Link to article [subscription only]
Chalkley, D.; MacMahon, C.; Ball, K.2013decision-making, domain-specific skill, perception, video-based technology, cricketPredicting ball flight in Cricket from an umpire's perspective. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 8, 445-454.
Elsworthy, N.; Burke, D.; Scott, B.; Stevens, C.; Dascombe, B.2014match analysis, cognition, perception, motor skills, perceptual-cognitivePhysical and decision-making demands of Australian football umpires during competitive matches. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28, 3502-3507.
Larkin, P.; Mesagno, C.; Berry, J.; Spittle, M.2013reliability, validity, cognition, perception, motor skills, sports officialsDevelopment of a valid and reliable video-based decision-making test for Australian football umpires. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport,  17, 552-555.
Link to article [subscription only]
Larkin, P.; Berry, J.; Dawson, B.; Lay, B.2011video-based, perceptual, decision-makingPerceptual and decision-making skills in Australian football umpires. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 11, 427-437.
Link to article [subscription only]
Larkin, P.; O'Brien, B.; Mesagno, C.; Berry, J.; Harvey, J.; Spittle, M.2014perceptual-cognitive, decision-making, physical performance, sport officials, sport physiologyAssessment of decision-making performance and in-game physical exertion of Australian football umpires. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32, 1446-1453.
Link to article [subscription only]
Larkin, P.; Berry, J.; Mesagno, C.; Spittle, M.2011training, decision-making, umpireVideo-based training to improve umpire decision-making. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 14(S1), 88.
Link to article [subscription only]
Cunningham, I.; Simmons, P; Mascarenhas, D.; Redhead, S.2015player-sport official interaction, communication, game management, players, communciation trainingExploring player communication in interactions with sport officials.  Movement & Sport Sciences - Science & Motricitè, 87, 79-89.
Link to article [subscription only]
Ténèze, L.; Joncheray, H.; Arnal, T.2015Histoire du football, arbitre, lois du jeu, rôle, pouvoir, football history, referee, rules of the game, role, powerRôle et pouvoir de l’arbitre en football : approche historique [Role and power of the football referee: an historical approach. Movement & Sport Sciences - Science & Motricitè, 87, 11-22.
Link to article [subscription only]
Wilson, F.; Byrne, A.; Gissane, C.2011injury, soccer, activity profileA prospective study of injury and activity profile in elite soccer referees and assistant referees. Irish Medical Journal, 104, 295-297.
Link to article [subscription only]
Bizzini, M.; Junge, A.; Bahr, R.; Dvorak, J.2011injury, frequency, soccer, ankle, thighInjuries of football referees: a representative survey of Swiss referees officating at all levels of play. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 21, 42-47.
Tojjari, F.; Esmaeili, M.R.; Bavandpour2013self-efficacy, job satisfaction, refereesThe effect of self-efficacy on job satisfaction of sport referees. European Journal of Experimental Biology, 3(2), 219-225.
Weston, M.2015match activities, training, injury, decision-makingMatch performances of soccer referees: the role of sports science. Movement & Sport Sciences - Science & Motricitè, 87, 113-117.
Link to article [subscription only]
Titlebaum, J.P,; Haberlin, N.; Titlebaum, G.2009recruitment, retentionRecruitment and retention of sports officials. Recreational Sports Journal, 33, 102-108.
Link to article [subscription only]
Cuskelly, G.; Hoye, R.2013sport officials, retention, commitment, stress, organisational support, intention to continueSport officials' intention to continue. Sport Management Review,  16, 451-464.
Link to article [subscription only]
Rainey, D.; Schweickert, G.; Granito, V.; Pullella, J.1990expected performance, perceived performance, MLB, baseball, behavior towards umpiresFans' evaluations of major league baseball umpires' performances and perceptions of appropriate behavior toward umpires. Journal of Sport Behavior, 13, 122-129.
Balch, M.; Scott, D.2007personality, non-officials, traits, athlete perceptions, self-reportContrary to popular belief, refs are people too! Personality and perceptions of officials. Journal of Sport Behavior, 30, 3-20.
Pizzera, A.2015expertise, judges, referees, embodied cognitionThe role of embodied cognition in sports officating. Movement & Sport Sciences - Science & Motricitè, 87, 53-61.
Link to article [subscription only]
Louvet, B.; Campo, M.; André, A.2015sport officiatingDéterminants psychologiques des stratégies de coping des arbitres de football [Psychological determinants of coping strategies of football referees]. Movement & Sport Sciences - Science & Motricitè, 87, 63-77.
Link to article [subscription only]
Koslowsky, M.; Maoz, O.1988commitment, personality, organizational behaviorCommitment and personality variables as discriminators amoung sports referees. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 10, 262-269.
Auger, D.; Fortier, J.; Thibault, A.; Magny, D.; Gravelle, F.2010volunteerism, officials, sport, characteristics, motivations, canadaCharateristics and motivations of sport officials in the province of Québec . International Journal of Sport Management, Recreation and Tourism, 5, 29-50.
Link to article [subscription only]
Borel-Hänn, F.; Wille, F.2015sports officiatingInformer sur l’arbitrage de football, un objet de responsabilité sociale pour les journalistes et des médias ? [Reporting on football referees: a subject of social responsibility for journalists and the media?]. Movement & Sport Sciences - Science & Motricitè.
Johansen, B.T.2015motivation, soccer, fitness, passion, enjoymentReasons for officiating soccer: The role of passion-based motivations among Norwegian elite and non-elite referees. Movement & Sport Sciences - Science & Motricitè, 87, 23-30.
Link to article [subscription only]
Hancock, D.; Dawson, D.; Auger, D.2015motivation, drop-out, attrition, interactors, monitors, reactors
Why Ref? Understanding sport officials’ motivations to begin, continue, and quit. Movement & Sport Sciences - Science & Motricitè, 87, 31-39.
Link to article [subscription only]
Boyer, S.; Rix-Lièvre, G.; Récopé, M.2015Acte de jugement, décision, coordination, auto-confrontation, règles, footballL'arbitragede haut niveau, une affaire d’équipe. [High-level refereeing, a case of team effort]. Movement & Sport Sciences - Science & Motricitè, 87, 91-101.
Link to article [subscription only]
Parsons, T.; Bairner, A.2015football, England, job commitment, job satisfaction'You want the buzz of having done well in a game that wasn't easy': a sociological examination of the job commitment of English football referees.  Movement & Sport Sciences - Science & Motricitè, 87, 41-52.
Link to article [subscription only]
Cunningham, I.2014communication, player behaviour, game management, interaction, referee, trainingStrategic interaction in player-sport official encounters. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 155, 304-311.
Link to article [open access]
Gray, C.; Wilson, P.2008retention, commitment, motivation to continueThe relationship between organizational commitment, perceived relatedness, and intentions to continue in Canadian track and field officials. Journal of Sport Behavior, 31, 44–63.
Ittenbach, R.; Eller, B.1988personality A personality profile of southeastern conference football officials. Journal of Sport Behavior, 11, 115–125.
Guillén, F.; Feltz, D.2011self-efficacy, framework, modelA conceptual model of referee efficacy. Frontiers in Psychology, 2 (25), 1–5.
Russell, J.S.1999hard cases, umpires, integrity, adjudication, discretion, ideologyAre rules all an umpire has to work with? Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, 26, 27-49.
Link to article [subscription only]
Al-Haliq, M.; Altahayneh, Z L.; Oudat, M.2014burnout, referee, Jordan, sport type, sport level, experienceLevels of burnout among sports referees in Jordan. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 14, 47-51.
Link to article
DOI:10.7752/jpes.2014.01008
Lombardi, R.; Trequattrini, R.; Battista, M.2014decision making processes, systematic errors, referees, football, soccer, managersSystematic errors in decision making processes: the case of the Italian Serie A football championship. International Journal of Applied Decision Sciences, 7, 239-254.
DOI: 10.1504/IJADS.2014.063230
Link to article [subscription only]
Goumas, C.2014home advantage, referee bias, crowd effects, football, soccerHome advantage and referee bias in European footbal. European Journal of Sport Science, 14.
Link to article [subscription only]
Louvet, B.; Gaudreau, P.; Menaut, A.; Genty, J.; Deneuve, P. 2009coping, soccer, football, referees, longitudinal, developmental trajectoriesRevisiting the changing and stable properties of coping ulilization using latent class growth analysis: a longitudinal investigation with soccer referees. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 10, 124-125.
doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2008.02.002
Link to article [subscription only]
Kay, B.; Gill, N.D.2004heart rate, physiology, physical dmands, rugby league, referees, training, fitness training, Physical demands of elite Rugby League referees: part one - time and motion analysis. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 6, 339-342.
doi:10.1016/S1440-2440(03)80027-0
Link to article [subscription only]
Kay, B.; Gill, N.D.2003physical demands; rugby league, referees, elite, movement patterns, fitness assessments, workload, reportPhysical demands of elite Rugby League referees: part one - time and motion analysis. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 6, 339-342.
doi:10.1016/S1440-2440(03)80027-0
Link to article [subscription only]
Coutts, A.; Reaburn, P.2000movement patterns, workload, intensity, Australian Rules football, AFL, umpire, trainingTime and motion analysis of the AFL field umpire. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 3, 132-139.
doi:10.1016/S1440-2440(00)80075-4
Link to article [subscription only]
Areni, C.S.2014fan behaviour, home advantage, referee bias, rivalries, rugby league, rugby unionHome advantage, rivalry, and referee bias in representative rugby. Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal, 4, 142-157.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/SBM-06-2012-0022
Link to article [subscription only]
Krenn, B.2014color, foul, soccer, football, decision, sport , refereeThe impact of uniform color on judging tackles in assocaition football. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 222-225.
Link to article [subscription only]
Cabagno, G.; Rascle, O.; Foll, D Le.; Souchon, N.2014referee, basketball, aggressive intentions, reputation, gender, arbitre, intentions agressives, reputation, sexeReputation of the referee and aggressive intentions in basketball: moderating effect of gender of players? [Réputation de l'arbitre et intentions agressives en basket-ball: effet modérateur du sexe des joueurs?]. International Review on Sport and Violence, 8, 31-46.
Link to article [subscription only]
[French version]
Layne, T.; Hastie, P.2014sport education, primary students, officating, referee, pedagogy, role, decision accuracy, novice, active involvementActive involvement and accuracy of calls of novice referees during a season of sport. The Physical Educator, 71,  pp. unpaginated.
Link to article [subscription only]
Rebelo, A.; Ascensão, A.; Magalhães, J.; Bischoff, R.; Bendiksen, M.; Krustrup, P.2011physiological demands, activity profile, endurance, futsal, referee, heart rate, video recording, distance covered, running intensity, blood lactateElite futsal refereeing: activity profile and physiological demands. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25, 980-987.
Link to article [subscription only]
Da Silva, A.I.; Fernandes, L.C.; Fernandez, 2008motion-analysis, referee, football, METs, oxygen consumptionEnergy expenditure and intesity of physical activity in soccer referees during match-play. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 7, 327-334.
Link to article [subscription only]
Carton, A.; Fruchart, E.2013deliberate practice, referees, football, rule knowledge, competition level, communication, players, aggressionLa pratique délibérée chez les arbitres de football amateur: un nouvel élément de compréhension des comportements agressifs et incivils. International Review on Sport and Violence, 7, 109-127.
Link to article
Rix - Lièvre, G.; Genebrier, V.2011anthropologie cognitive, expérience, signification incarnée, auto-confrontation, régulation, cognitive anthropology, experience, embodied signification, self-confrontationLes interactions joueurs-arbitres au cours d'un match de football: comprendre les altercations ou leur absence. Movement and Sport Sciences - Science & Motricité, 72, 27-33.
Link to article
Blumenstein, B.; Orbach, I.2014psychological preperation, program, football, pre-competition routineDevelopment of psychological preperation program for football referees: pilot study. Sport Science Review, 23, 113-126.
Link to article [subscription only]
Weston, M.; Drust, B.; Atkinson, G.; Gregson, W.2011between-match variation, physical performance, age, experienceVariability of soccer referees' match performance. International Journal of Sport Medicine, 32, 190-194.
Link to article [subscription only]
Rix - Lièvre, G.; Boyer, S; Récopé, M.2013perception/action coupling, head mounted video recording, naturalistic approach, intuitive judgment, rugby referee cognitionReferee cognition as it occurs: different kind of judgement acts. Papaer presented at International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making, Florida, United States,.
Link to article
Bernal, J. C.; Nix, C.; Boatwright, D.2012referee, officiating, stress, motivation study reviewSport officials' longevity: motivation and passion for the sport. International Journal of Sport Management Recreation & Tourism, 10, 28-39.
Link to article
Borooah, V.2013decision review system, leg before wicket, umpires, bayesian updating, cost per reviewUpstairs and downstairs: the imperfections of cricket's decision review system.  Journal of Sports Economics. Published online 15 November 2013.Link to article [subscription only]
Rix - Lièvre, G.; Récopé, M.; Boyer, S.: Grimonprez, M.2013

decision making, sport sciences, appraisal, judgment act, self-confrontation interview, rugby
referee

Naturalistic decision making and emotion in refereeing: affect at the heart of judgment. Paper presented at the International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making, Marseille, France. pp. 83-86.
Link to article

Dosseville, F.: Rioult, F.; Laborde, S.2013recruitment and retention, drop-out, obligations, sport associationsWhy do sports officials dropout? Paper presented at  Machine Learning and Data Mining for Sports AnalyticsPrague, Czech Republic.
Link to article
Wilson, A.W.; 
Mock, S.E.
2013assertiveness, decision making, ice hockey rules, penalty call, referee, certification, somatic marker, hypothesis, video  technologyAssociation of certification level and
assertiveness with accuracy of calls
among ice hockey referees. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 8, 505-512.
Constantinou, A.; Fenton, N.; Pollock, L.2014causal modelling, crowd effect,
home advantage, officiating bias, soccer
Bayesian networks for unbiased assessment of referee bias in Association Football. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 15, 538-547.
Debanne, T.2014communication, influence, persuasion, referees’ decision
making, team handball coaches
Techniques used by coaches to influence
referees in professional team handball. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 9, 433-446.
Gift, P.; Rodenberg, R.2014implicit discrimination, referee bias, basketballNapoleon complex: height bias among Basketball Association referees. Journal of Sports Economics, 15,  541-558.
Phillips, P.; Fairley, S.2014umpire, serious leisure, management, recruitment, retentionUmpiring: a serious leisure choice. Journal of Leisure Studies, 46, 184-202. Link to article [subscription only]
Nazarudin, M.; Omar-Fauzee, M.; Din, A.2009rugby union, referees,  perception of misconductMalaysian rugby referees perception on the athletes, coaches, and spectators misconduct: a case study. European Journal of Social Sciences, 7, 102-106. Link to article [subscription only]
Bar-Eli, M.; Plessner, H.; Raab, M.2011judgment, decision making, peceptual limitations, prior knowledge, improvementReferees (chapter 7). In M. Bar-Eli, H. Plessner & M. Raab, Judgement, Decision making and Success in Sport.  West Sussex, UK; Wiley-Blackwell. Link to article [subscription only]

Plessner, H. 2004referee, judgement, decision making, prior knowledgePositive and negative effects of prior knowledge on referee decisions in sports. In T. Betsch & S. Haberstroh (Eds.), The Routines of Decision Making (pp. 311-324),. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Elbaum Associates Inc.
Morgulev, E.; Azar, O., Lidor, R.; Sabag, E.; Bar-Eli, M.2014deception, sports, decision making, basketball, representativeness heuristicDeception and decesion making in professional basketball: is it benificial to flop? Journal of Economic Behavior & Organisation, 102, 108-118. Link to article [subscription only]
MacMahon, C.; Strauss, B.2014psychology, decision making, judgment, demands The psychology of decision making in sport officials. In A.G. Papaioannou & D. Hackfort  (Eds.), Routledge Companion to Sport and Exercise Psychology (pp. 223-235). New York, NY; Routledge. Link to book.
Hancock, D.; Ste-Marie, D.2014action plan profiles; focus groups; sport officials; stimulated recall interviewsDescribing strategies uesd be elite, intermediate, and novice ice hockey referees. Research Quartery in Exercise and Sport, 85, 361-364.
Lex, H.; Pizzera, A.; Kurtes, M.; Schack, T.2014behaviour, team sport, psychologyInfluence of players' vocalisations on soccer referees' decisions. European Journal of Sport Science, 1-5.
DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2014.962620
Wegner, M.; Bohnacker, V.; Mempel, G.; Teubel, T.; Schüler, J.2014affiliation, motivation, competition, social interaction, racquet sportsExplicit and implicit affiliation motives predict verbal and nonverbal social behavior in sports competition. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 15, 588-595.
Yubo, W.; Hilsman, W.; Caudill, S.; Mixon, F.2014referee bias, professional basketball, television, economicsTelevision coverage and outcome uncertainty in sports: empirical evidence from the NBA and WNBA. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte, 10, 34-45.
Yunyu, T.; Shaogang, Z.2014gymnastics, scoring, referee subjective judgmentAthlete technical motions execution quality consistency test based on SPSS gymnastics competition referee scoring. Journal of Chemical & Pharmaceutical Research, 6, 299-303.
Elsworthy, N; Dascombe, B.2011sport physiology, physical performance, umpires, Australian Rules FootballThe match demands of Australian Rules
Football umpires in a state-based
competition. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6, 559-571.
Pizzera, A.; Raab, M.2012motor learning, visual experience, football, biomechanics, deceptive actions, referee-like decision making performanceDoes motor or visual experience
enhance the detection of
deceptive movements in football? International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 7, 269-284.
Pizzera, A.; Raab, M.2012visual perception, judgment, handballPerceptual judgments of sports officials are influenced by their motor and visual experience. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 24, 59-72.
Pizzera, A2012gymnastics, judgment, motor skillsGymnastic judges benefit from their own motor experience as gymnasts. Research Quarterly for Exercise & Sport, 4, 603-607.
Kellett, P.;  Fairley, S.2014umpire, serious leisure, management, recruitment, retentionUmpiring: a serious leisure choice. Journal of Leaisure Research, 46, 184-202.
Teixeira, V.; Gonçalves, L.; Meneses, T.; Moreira, P.2014football, soccer, referees, nutrition, athletes
Nutritional intake of elite football referees. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32, 1279-1285.
Ackery, A.D.; Tator, C.H.; Snider, C.2012ice hockey, referee, violence, concussion, injury preventionViolence in Canadian amateur hockey: the experience of referees in Ontario. Clinical  Journal of Sport Medicine, 22,  86-90.
Link to article [subscription only]
Dickson, S.1999communication, social relationships, officials, players, coachesThe relationship of officials with players and coaches. The Sport Educator, 11, 35-37.
Kellett. P.; Warner, S.2011officiating, retention, sense of community, referee management, social worldsCreating communities that lead to retention: the social worlds and communities of umpires. European Sport Management Quarterly,  11, 471-494.
Link to article [subscription only]
Unkelbach, C; Memmert, D2010sport psychology, home advantage, referee decisions, cue learningCrowd noise as a cue in referee decisions contributes to the home advantage. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 32, 483-498. Link to article
Pettersson-Lidbom, P.; Priks, M.2010social pressure, natural experiments, referee biasBehavior under social pressure: empty Italian stadiums and referee bias. Economics Letters, 108, 212-214. Link to article
Forbes, A.; Edwards, L.; Fleming, S.2014women, officials, football, culture, experiences'Women can't referee': exploring the experiences of female footbal officials within UK football culture. Soccer & SocietyLink to article
Lovell, G.; Newell, R.; Parker, J.2014home advantage, referees, soccer, decision makingReferee's decioning making behavior and the sport home advantage phenomenon. Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 2, 1-5.
Krenn, B.2014color, foul, soccer, decision, sport, refereeThe impact of uniform color on judging tackers in association football. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 222-225. Link to article
Simmons, P.2010strategic communication, soccer, referees, fairness, heuristics decisions, Communicative displays as fairness heuristics: strategic football referee communication.  Australian Journal of Communication, 37, 75-94.
Simmons, P.2011Communication; fairness, procedural, interactional, refereesCompetent, dependable and respectful: Footbal refereeing as a model for communicating fairness. Ethical Space: The International Journal of Communication Ethics, 8, 33-42. Link to article [subscription only]
Weinberg, R.; Richardson, P.1990sport official, psychologyPsychology of officiating. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Ste. Marie, D.2003Expertise in officating, information-processing, decision makingExpertise in sport judges and referees: circumventing information-processing limitations. In J.L. Starkes & A. Ericsson (Eds.) Expert performance in sport: advances in research on sport expertise (pp. 169-190). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Link to book
Plessner, H.; MacMahon, C.; 2013sport official, expertise, development, performance, practiceThe sport official in research and practice: researchers and coaches put theory into practice. In D. Farrow, J. Baker & MacMahon, C. (Eds.). Developing sport expertise (pp. 172-192). New York, NY: Routledge. Link to book
MacMahon, C.; Mascarenhas, D.; Plessner, H.; Pizzera, A.; Oudejans, R.; Raab, M.2014psychology, performance, training, career development, fitness, physical preperation,  visual perception, judgement, decision making, communication, game management,  technologySport officials and officiating: science and practice. London, UK: Routledge  Link to book
Paes, M.R.; Fernandez, R.; da Silva, A.2011physical test, referee, sports injuryInjuries to football (soccer) referees during matches, training and physical tests. International SportMed Journal, 12, 74-84.
Hancock, D.; Ste-Marie, D.2013Eye tracking, sport official, sport interactor, visual cuesGaze behaviors and decision making accuracy of higher- and lower-level ice hockey referees. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 14, 66-71.
Gencay, S.2009linesman, soccer referee, stressMagnitude of psychological stress reported by soccer referees. Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal, 37, 865-869.
Kitchens, C.2014sport officials, penalties, spatial distributionIdentifying changes in the spatial distribution of crime: evidence from a referee experiment in the National Football League. Economic Inquiry, 52, 259-268.
Dixon, D.
2014
heart rate, blood lactate, futsal, referee, indoor soccer, physiologyA pilot study of the physiological demands of futsal referees engaged in international friendly matches. American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2, 103-107.
Nevill, A.; Webb, T.; Watts, A.2013referee, training, home advantageImproved training of football referees and the decline in home advantage post-WW2. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 14, 220-227.
Oliveira, M.; Silva, A.; Agresta, M.; Barros Neto, T.; Brandão2013referee, attention, decision accuracy Concentration and accuracy level of soccer referees during match. Motricidade, 9, 13-22.
Morakinyo, E.O.2008Law, referees, liability, negligenceLegal liabilities of referees for negligence during sports competitions. International Sports Law Review Pandektis, 7, 467-477.
Coswta, E.; Vieira, C.; Moreira, A.; Ugrinowitsch, C.; Castagna, C.; Aoki, M.2013GPS, heart rate, match activity, training loadMonitoring external and internal loads of Brazilian soccer referees during official matches. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 12, 559-564.
Caballero, J.; Ojeda, E.; Garcia-Aranda, J.; Mallo, J.; Helsen, W.; Sarmiento, S.; Gardia-Manso, J.; Navarro Valdiielso, M. 2011Physiology; echocardiographic; referees; footballEchocardiographic study of structure and functional cardiac profile of football referees. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 51, 633-638. Link to article [subscription only]
Caballero, J.; Ojeda, E.; Garcia-Aranda, J.; Mallo, J.; Helsen, W.; Sarmiento, S.; Navarro, M.; Gardia-Manso, J.2011officials, football, physical performance, echocardiographic, fitness tests, soccerPhysiological profile of national-level Spanish soccer referees. International Sportmed Journal, 12, 85-91.  Link to article
Put, K.; Baldo, M.; Cravo, A.; Wagemans, J.; Helsen, W.2013compensation strategy, perception, cognition, decision making, expertiseExperts in offside decision making learn to compensate for their illusionary perceptions. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35, 576-584. Link to article [subscription only]
Put, K.; Wagemans, J.; Jaspers, A; Helsen, W.2013Transfer, On-field performance, Web-based training program, Flash-lag effectWeb-based training improves on-field decision making performance. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 577-585. Link to article [subscription only]
Put, K.; Wagemans, J.; Spitz, J.; Armenteros Gallardo, M.; Williams, M.; Helsen, W. 2014Judgement; Perceptual-cognitiveThe use of 2D and 3D information in a perceptual-cognitive judgement task. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32, 1688-1697.
Cunningham, I; Simmons, P; Mascarenhas, D; Redhead, S2014Communication, Interaction, Player managementSkilled interaction: concepts of communication and player management in the development of sport officials. International Journal of Sport Communication, 7, 166-187. Link to article [subscription only]
Andersen, T; Engebretsen, L; Bahr, R 2004 Soccer football; Injuries; Injury mechanisms; Prevention; Video recording Rule violations as a cause of injuries in male Norwegian professional football: Are the referees doing their job? American Journal of Sports Medicine, 32, 62-68.
Link to article [subscription only]
Forbes, S.
Livingston, L.
2013Ice hockey, Officials, Attrition, Drop-out, Organizational Support, Recruitment, RetentionChanging the call: rethinking attrition and retention in the ice hockey
officiating ranks. Sport in Society, 16, 295-309.
Schweizer, G.
Plessner, H.
Brand, R.
2013Basketball, Decision making, Video training, Elite Establishing standards for basketball elite referees' decisions. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 25, 370-375.
Boen, F.
Ginis, P.
Smits, T.
2013Conformism, feedback, judging, judo, referees, social influence.Judges in judo conform to the referee because of the reactive
feedback system. European Journal of Sport Science, 13, 599-604. 
Slack, L.
Maynard, I.
Butt, J.
Olusoga, P.
2013Football, Referee, Performance, Excellence, InterviewsFactors underpinning football officiating excellence: perceptions of English Premier League referees. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 25, 298-315.
Nikbakhsh, R., Alam, S. Monazami, M.2013Football, Referee, Emotional intelligence, Communication, Stress The relationship between emotional intelligence, communication skills and stress among Iranian Premier League referees. Annals of Biological Research, 4, 196-203.
Simmons, P.;
Cunningham, I.
2013communication, referee, official, fairness, development, skilledCommunication and sport officials. In P.M. Peterson (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Sport Communication (pp. 461-470). London, UK: Routledge. Link to book 
Caballero, J.,
Ojeda, E.,
García-Aranda, J.,
Mallo, J.
Helsen, W.,
Sarmiento, S.,
Valdivielso, M. &
García-Manso, J.
2011Physiology, Soccer, Football, Referees
Physiological profile of national-level Spanish soccer referees. International SportMed Journal, 12, 85-91.
Cunningham, I.
Mellick, M.
Mascarenhas, D.
Fleming, S.
2012Decision making, Communication, Corporate theatre, Fairness, Rugby Union football, RefereeDecision making and decision communications in elite rugby union referees: An inductive investigation. Sport & Exercise Psychology Review, 8, 23-34.
Weston, M.
Castagna, C.
Helsen, W.
Impellizzeri, F.
2009Soccer, match analysis, repeated-sprint ability, fitness, intermittent exerciseRelationships among field-test measures and physical match performance in elite-standard soccer referees. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27, 1177-1184.
Mallo, J.
Frutos, P.
Juárez, D.
Navarro, E.
2012Soccer, Technical Performance, Distance to Incidents, Match Analysis, OffsideEffect of positioning on the accuracy of decision making of Association Football top-class referees and assistant referees during competitive matches. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30, 1437-1445.
Weston, M.
Castagna, C.
Impellizzeri, F.
Bizzini, M.
Williams, M.
Gregson, W.
2012Soccer, Referee, Physical  Performance, Fitness Testing and Training, Injuries, Perceptual-CognitiveScience and medicine applied to soccer refereeing: An update. Sports Medicine, 42, 615-631.
Dosseville, F. Laborde, S. Bernier, M.2012Expectation, impression formation, official-athlete relationships, person perceptionAthletes’ expectations with regard to officiating competence. European Journal of Sport Science, 14 Suppl 1, S448-55.

DOI:10.1080/17461391.2012.713006
Isidori, E.
Müller, A.
Kaya, S.
2012Referee, Education, Philosophy, HermeneuticsThe Referee as educator: hermeneutical
and pedagogical perspectives. Physical Culture and Sport Studies and Research, 56, 5-11.
MacMahon, C.
Mildenhall, B.
2012Basketball, Decision-making, Heuristics, Information Processing, Referee Bias, Sports OfficiatingA practical perspective on decision making influences in sports officiating. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 7, 153-166.
Catteeuw, P.
Gilis, B.
Wagemans, J.
Helsen, W.
2010Soccer football
Assistant referee
Decision Making
England
Fatigue
Physiology
Social Perception
Visual Perception
Offside decision making of assistant referees in the English Premier League: impact of physical and perceptual-cognitive factors on match performance. Journal of Sport Sciences, 28, 471-481.
Myers, N.
Feltz, D.
Guillén, F.
Dithurbide, L.
2012Sport Officials, Sources of Self-Confidence, Sport Refereed, Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling, Target RotationDevelopment of, and initial validity evidence for, the referee self-efficacy scale: a multistudy report. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 34, 737-765.
Mohamadinejad, A.
Mirsafian, H.
Soltanhoseini, M.
2012Referee, Duty, Negligence, Damage, Responsibility, Athlete Study on civil liability of referees in the sport competitions. Journal of Human Sport & Exercise, 7, S24-S34.
Anshel, M; Weinberg, R 1999 Basketball; Stress; Coping Re-examining coping among basketball referees following stressful events: implications for coping interventions. Journal of Sport Behavior, 22, 141-161.
Link to article [subscription only]
Ansorge, C; Scheer, J 1988 Gymnastics; Judging bias; Olympics International bias detected in judging gymnastic competition at the 1984 Olympic Games. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 59, 103-107
Link to article [subscription only]
Baldo, M; Ranvaud, R; Morya, E 2002 Soccer football; Offside decisions; Football referees; flash-lag effect Flag errors in soccer games: The flash-lag effect. Perception, 31, 1205-1210
Link to article [subscription only]
Baldwin, C 2008 Soccer football; Referees; Commentators; Journalists; Stress; Anxiety The ref cost us the game: the role of sports commentators and journalists in creating stresses on sports referees. Presentation given to Annual Conference of Australia and New Zealand Communication Association ANZCA08, Power and Place. Wellington, July 2008.
Link to article
Balmer, N; Nevill, A; Lane, A; Ward, P; Williams, M; Fairclough, S 2007 Soccer football; Decision-making; Psychology; Stress; Crowd Influence of Crowd Noise on Soccer Refereeing Consistency in Soccer. Journal of Sport Behavior,2:130-145
Link to article [subscription only]
Balmer, N; Nevill, A; Lane, A 2007 Boxing; Decision-making; Judging; Subjective adjudications Do judges enhance home advantage in European championship boxing? Journal of Sports Sciences. 23:409-416
Link to article [subscription only]
Bar-eli, M; Levy-Kolker, N; Pie, J; Tenenbaum, G 1995 Player performance; Player crisis A Crisis-related analysis of perceived referees' behavior in competition. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 1533-1571, Volume 7, Issue 1, 1995, Pages 63 – 80
Link to article [subscription only]
Bizzini, M; Junge, A; Bahr, R; Dvorak, J 2009 Soccer football; Injuries Female soccer referees selected for the FIFA Women’s World Cup 2007: survey of injuries and musculoskeletal problems. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43, 936-942.
Link to article [subscription only]
Bizzini, M; Junge, A; Bahr, R; Helsen, W; Dvorak, J 2009 Soccer football; Injuries Injuries and musculoskeletal complaints in referees and assistant referees selected for the 2006 FIFA World Cup: retrospective and prospective survey. British Journal of Sports Medicine;43:490-497 (Published Online First: 4 July 2008)
Link to article [subscription only]
Bizzini, M; Junge, A; Bahr, R; Helsen, W; Dvorak, J 2009 Soccer football; Injuries Injuries and Musculoskeletal Complaints in Referees-A Complete Survey in the Top Divisions of the Swiss Football League; Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: March, 19 (2):95-100
Link to article [subscription only]
Boyko, R; Boyko, A; Boyko, M 2007 Soccer football; Home advantage; Ordinal regression; Officiating decisions; Crowd effects Referee bias contributes to home advantage in English Premiership football. Journal of Sports Sciences, Volume 25, Number 11, September 2007 , pp. 1185-1194(10)
Link to article [subscription only]
Brand, R; Schmidt, G; Schneeloch, Y 2006 Basketball; Judgment biases; Decision making; Applied social cognition Sequential effects in elite basketball referees' foul decisions: An experimental study on the concept of game management. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 28, 93-99.
Link to article [subscription only]
Brimberg, J; Hurley, W 2009 Ice Hockey; Penalties; Bias; Markov Are National Hockey League referees Markov? OR Insight 22: 234–243
Link to article [subscription only]
Bruine de Bruin, W 2005 Ice skating; Human judgment;Judgment and decision making; Order effects Save the last dance for me: Unwanted serial position effects in jury evaluations. Acta Psychologica,118, 245-260
Link to article [subscription only]
Bruine de Bruin, W 2006 Ice skating; Human judgment;Judgment and decision making; Order effects Save the last dance II: Unwanted serial position effects in figure skating judgements. Acta Psychologica,123, 299-311
Link to article [subscription only]
Buraimo, B; Forrest, D; Simmons, R 2007 Soccer football; Bias; Home-team favouritism The Twelfth Man? Refereeing Bias in English and German Soccer. International association of Sports Economists. Working Paper Series, Paper No. 07-07
Link to article
Caldwell, C; Bischoff, S.J; Karri, R 2002 Leadership; Decision-making The Four Umpires: A Paradigm for Ethical Leadership. Journal of Business Ethics. Volume 36, Numbers 1-2 / March, 2002 pp153-163.
Link to article [subscription only]
Carlsson, B 2006 Soccer football; Formal rules; Playing culture; Discretion; Consent Blowing the Whistle? A Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Formal and Discretionary Powers of Referees in Swedish Football ESLJ Volume 4 Number 2 - ‘The State of Play’ Special Issue: Contemporary Issues in Sports Law Research. ISSN 1748-944X
Link to article
Catteeuw, P; Helsen, W; Gilis, B; Wagemans, J 2009 Soccer football; Expert performance; skill acquisition; Deliberate practice; Decision-making skills, role specificity and deliberate practice in association football refereeing. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27, 1125-1136.
Link to article [subscription only]
Cobley, S; Schorer J; Baker, J 2008 Soccer football; Expert performance; skill acquisition; Deliberate practice; Relative age effects in professional German soccer: A historical analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26, 1531-1538.
Link to article [subscription only]
Catterall, C; Reilly, T; Atkinson, G; Coldwells, A 1993 Soccer football; Work rate; Heart rate Analysis of the work rates and heart rates of association football referees. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 27, 193-196.
Link to article
Craven, B. J 1998 Cricket; Perceptual judgments, decision strategies A psychophysical study of leg-before-wicket judgments in cricket. British Journal of Psychology, 89, 555-578.
Link to article [subscription only]
Cuskelly, G; Hoye, R 2004 Recruitment; Retention Problems and Issues in the recruitment and retention of sports officials. Report to the Australian Sports Commission
Link to article
Cuskelly, G; Smith, C; Hoye, R 2009 Rugby Union; Retention; Early Career Referees Retaining early career referees in Australian Rugby. An ARC research partnership with the Australian Rugby Union
Link to article
Da Silva, A I; Fernandez, R 2003 Soccer football; Dehydration; Plasma volume; Sweat loss; Exercise Dehydration of football referees during a match. Br. J. Sports. Med. 37: 502-506.
Link to article [subscription only]
Damisch, L; Mussweiler, T; Plessner, H 2006 Comparison; Performance judgments;sport; Similarity; Dissimilarity; Assimilation; Contrast Olympic medals as fruits of comparison? Assimilation and contrast in sequential judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 12, 166-178.
Link to article [subscription only]
Dawson, P; Dobson, S; Goddard, J; Wilson, J 2006 Soccer football; Bias and inconsistency; English Premier League; Bivariate Poisson regression; Bivariate negative binomial regression Are football referees really biased and inconsistent? Evidence on the incidence of disciplinary sanction in the English Premier League Presentation to University of Otago Department of Economics, July 2006
Link to article [subscription only]
Downward, P; Jones, M 2007 Soccer football; Home advantage; Game location; Officials; Yellow cards; Supporters Effects of crowd size on referee decisions: Analysis of the FA Cup. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25, 1541–1545.
Link to article [subscription only]
Duarte, A; Ribeiro, C 2008 Sports; Timetabling referees; Appointment systems Referee assignment in sports leagues: Approximate and exact multi-objective aproaches. Abstract Book of the 19th International Conference on Multiple Criteria Decision Making, Auckland: 58-60, Auckland.
Link to article
Duarte, A; Ribeiro, C; Urrutia, S; Haeusler, E 2007 Sports; Timetabling referees; Appointment systems Referee assignment in sports leagues. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 3867, 158-173.
Link to article [subscription only]
Duarte, A; Ribeiro, C; Urrutia 2007 Sports; Timetabling referees; Appointment systems A hybrid ILS heuristic to the referee assignment problem with an embedded MIP strategy, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4771: 82-95 .
Link to article
Findlay, L; Ste-Marie, D 2004 Figure skating; Performance appraisal; Expectations A reputation bias in figure skating. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 26, 154-166.
Link to article [subscription only]
Folkesson, P; Nyberg, C; Archer, T; Norlander, T 2002 Soccer football; Aggression; Dispositional optimism; Masculinity Soccer referees’ experience of threat and aggression: Effects of age, experience, and life orientation on outcome of coping strategy. Aggressive Behavior, 28, 317-327.
Link to article
Ford, G; Ford , Gallagher, S; Lacy ,B; Bridwell , A; Goodwin, F 1999 Baseball; Perception; Positioning Repositioning the Home Plate Umpire to Provide Enhanced Perceptual Cues and More Accurate Ball-Strike Judgments. Journal of Sport Behavior, Vol. 22
Link to article [subscription only]
Frank, M; Gilovich, T 1988 American football; Black uniforms; Aggression The dark side of self- and social perception: Black uniforms and aggression in professional sports. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 74-85
Link to article [subscription only]
Friman, M; Nyberg, C; Norlander, T 2004 Soccer football; Aggression; Threats; EPP-Method; Referees; Soccer Threats and Aggression Directed at Soccer Referees: An Empirical Phenomenological Psychological Study The Qualitative Report; 9(4): 652-672
Link to article
Fuller, C; Junge, A; Dvorak, J 2005 Soccer football; Foul tackles, Injury causation; Head injuries A six year prospective study of the incidence and causes of head and neck injuries in international football; British Journal of Sports Medicine; 39:i3-i9
Link to article
Fuller, C; Junge, A; Dvorak, J 2004 Soccer football; Foul tackles, Injury causation; Head injuries An Assessment of Football Referees’ Decisions in Incidents Leading to Player Injuries; American Journal of Sports Medicine; January, 32(1) suppl: 17S-22S
Link to article
Garicano, L; Palacios-Huerta, I; Prendergast, C 2005 Soccer football; Incentives; Social pressure; Home advantage Favoritism Under Social Pressure. The Review of Economics and Statistics. 87(2): 208-216. Posted Online March 13, 2006
Link to article [subscription only]
Gilis B, Helsen W, Catteeuw P, Van Roie, E; Wagemans J 2009 Soccer football; Decision-making skills; Expertise; Flash-lag effect Interpretation and application of the offside law by expert assistant referees: Perception of spatial positions in complex dynamic events on and off the field, Journal of Sports Sciences,27: 551-563
Link to article [subscription only]
Gilis B, Helsen W, Catteeuw P, Wagemans J 2008 Soccer football; Assistant referees; Offside; Decision making Offside decisions by expert assistant referees in association football: Perception and recall of spatial positions in complex dynamic events.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.14(1)Mar:21-35
Link to article [subscription only]
Hagemann, N; Strauss, B; Leißing, J 2008 Tae kwon do; Color red When the referee sees red … . Psychological Science, 19, 769-771
Link to article [subscription only]
Hawkins, R D; Fuller, C W 1996 Soccer football; Risk assessment; Injuries Risk assessment in professional football: an examination of accidents and incidents in the 1994 World Cup Finals. British Journal of Sports Medicine,30:165-170. bjsportmed.com
Link to article
Helsen W; Bultynck, J 2004 Soccer football; Decision-making skills; Heart rate Physical and perceptual-cognitive demands of top-class refereeing in association football. Journal of Sport Sciences, 22: 179-189
Link to article [subscription only]
Helsen W; Gilis B; Weston M 2007 Soccer football; Offside; Decision-making skills; Assistant referees Helsen, Gilis, and Weston (2006) do not err in questioning the optical error hypothesis as the only major account for explaining offside decision-making errors. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1466-447X, 25(9):991–994
Link to article [subscription only]
Jones, M; Paull, G; Erskine, J. 2006 Soccer football; Aggressive Reputation; Bias; Decision-Making The impact of a team’s reputation on the decisions of association football referees. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20, 991-1000
Link to article [subscription only]
Helsen W; Gilis B; Weston M 2006 Soccer football; Decision Making; Judgment; Motion Perception; Optical Illusions; Video Recording; Visual Perception Errors in judging “offside” in football: Test of the optical error versus the perceptual flash-lag hypothesis. Journal of Sport Sciences,24;521-528
Link to article [subscription only]
Kellett, P; Shilbury, D 2007 Umpire; Positive experiences; Negative experiences; Retention; Abuse Umpire Participation: Is Abuse really the Issue? Sport Management Review. 10(3):209-229
Link to article [subscription only]
Krustrup, P; Helsen, W; Randers, M; Christensen, J; MacDonald C; Rebelo, A; Bangsbo, J 2009 Soccer football; Time-motion analysis; High-intensity running; Heart rate; Blood lactate; distance from infringements Activity profile and physical demands of football referees and assistant referees in international games. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(11) September:1167-1176
Link to article [subscription only]
Lane, M; Nevill, A; Ahmad, N; Balmer, N 2006 Soccer football; Bias; Home-advantage; Stress and performance Soccer referee decision-making: ‘Shall I blow the whistle?’ Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2006) 5, 243-253
Link to article
Leicht, A 2004 Basketball; Cardiovascular stress Cardiovascular stress on an elite basketball referee during national competition. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 38(4):e10, August.
Link to article [subscription only]
Leicht, A 2007 Basketball; Aerobic power; Arthropometrics Aerobic power and anthropometric characteristics of elite basketball referees. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 47(1): 46-50
Link to article [subscription only]
Leicht, A 2008 Basketball; Physiology; Heart rate; Performance Physiological demands of basketball refereeing during international competition. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 11(3): 357-360
Link to article [subscription only]
Levitt,S 2002 Hockey; Crime deterrence Testing the Economic Model of Crime:The National Hockey League's Two-Referee Experiment, Contributions to Economic Analysis & Policy: Vol. 1 : Iss. 1, Article 2.
Link to article [subscription only]
MacMahon, C; Helsen, W; Starkes, J; Cuypers, K; Weston, M 2007 soccer; football; expert performance; skill acquisition; deliberate practice Decision-making skills and deliberate practice in elite association football referees, Journal of Sport Sciences, 25, 65-78.
Link to article [subscription only]
MacMahon, C; Helsen, W; Starkes, J; Weston, M 2007 Soccer football; Expert performance; Skill acquisition; Deliberate practice Decision-making skills and deliberate practice in elite association football referees. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1466-447X, 25,(1):65–78
Link to article [subscription only]
MacMahon, C; Starkes, L 2008 baseball; expertise; decision-making; sequential and contextual effects Contextual influences on baseball ball-strike decisions in umpires, players, and controls. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26, 751-760.
Link to article [subscription only]
MacMahon, C; Ste-Marie, D 2002 decision making, rugby union, perception, episodic memory Decision-making by experienced rugby referees: Use of perceptual information and episodic memory. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 95, 570-572
Link to article [subscription only]
Mahoney, A J; Devonport, T; Lane, A M 2008 netball; self-efficacy; mixed methods; confidence; feedback; measurement; interviews The effects of interval feedback on the self-efficacy of netball umpires. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 7, 39-46.
Link to article
Mallo, J; Navarro, E; Garcia-Aranda, J.M; Gilis, B; Helsen, W 2007 Soccer football; 2D biomechanical analysis; Distance covered; High-intensity activity; Impairment of physical performance Activity profile of top-class association football referees in relation to performance in selected physical tests. Journal of Sport Sciences, 25, 805-813.
Link to article [subscription only]
Mallo, J; Navarro, E; Garcia-Aranda, J.M; Gilis, B; Helsen, W 2008 Soccer football; Biomechanics; Physical Fitness; Physiology; Task performance and analysis Analysis of the kinematical demands imposed on top-class assistant referees during competitive soccer matches. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, January; 22(1):235-42
Link to article [subscription only]
Mallo, J; Navarro, E; Garcia-Aranda, J.M; Helsen, W 2009 Soccer football; 2D biomechanical analysis; Heart rate; High-intensity activities; Physical performance Activity profile of top-class association football referees in relation to fitness-test performance and match standard. Journal of Sport Sciences,27: 9-17
Link to article [subscription only]
Mallo, J; Veiga, S; López de Subijana, C; Navarro, E 2008 Soccer football; Analysis; Standards; Exercise; Algorithms Activity profile of top-class female soccer refereeing in relation to the position of the ball Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 11 December 2008
Link to article [subscription only]
Mascarenhas, D; Button, C; O’Hare, D; Dicks, M 2009 Soccer football; Global positioning system; Sports Officials; Video Physical Performance and Decision Making in Association Football Referees: A Naturalistic Study. The Open Sports Sciences Journal, Volume 2, ISSN: 1875-399X
Link to article
Mascarenhas, D; Collins, D; Mortimer, P 2005 Rugby union; Performance model Elite Refereeing Performance: Developing a Model for Sport Science Support The Sport Psychologist, 19(4), December 2005
Link to article [subscription only]
Mascarenhas, D; O'Hare, D; Plessner, H 2006 Soccer football; Psychological factors; Expertise The psychological and performance demands of association football refereeing. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 37, 99-120
Link to article [subscription only]
Mascarenhas, D; Collins, D; Mortimer, P 2002 Rugby union The Art of Reason Versus the Exactness of Science in Elite Refereeing: Comments on Plessner and Betsch (2001) Journal of Sport and Exercise Physiology 24 (3)
Link to article [subscription only]
Mascarenhas, D; Collins, D; Mortimer, P 2005 Rugby union; Decision-making The Accuracy, Agreement and Coherence of Decision-Making in Rugby Union Officials. Journal of Sport Behavior. September. 28 (3):253-271
Link to article [subscription only]
Mascarenhas, D; Collins, D; Mortimer, P; Morris, B 2005 Rugby union; Decision-making training Training accurate and coherent decision-making in rugby union referees. The Sport Psychologist, 19: 131-147
Link to article [subscription only]
Mason, C; Lovell, G 2000 Soccer football; Sports referees; Physical demands; Mental demands Attitudes, Expectations and Demands of English Premier League Football Association Referees Football Studies, 3(2)
Link to article
Mellick, M; Fleming, S; Davies, G 2007 Rugby union; Interpersonal Communication; Methodology An interpretive analysis of interpersonal communication: a case study from elite rugby union match officiating. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 7(2)May:92-105
Link to article [subscription only]
Mohr, P; Larsen, K 1998 Australian rules football; Favouritism; Home advantage Ingroup Favoritism in Umpiring Decisions in Australian Football Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 138, 1998
Link to article [subscription only]
Morris, P; Lewis, D 2009 Soccer football; Deceptive intentions - Perception intentions - Deception - Sport perception Tackling Diving: The Perception of Deceptive Intentions in Association Football (Soccer); Journal of Nonverbal Behavior; 0191-5886 (Print) 1573-3653 (Online);
Link to article [subscription only]
Nevill, A; Balmer, N; Williams 2002 Soccer football; Decision-making; Home advantage The influence of crowd noise and experience upon refereeing decisions in football Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Volume 3, Number 4, October 2002 , pp. 261-272(12)
Link to article [subscription only]
Nevill, A; Balmer, N; Williams 1999 Soccer football; Crowd influence; Decision-making Crowd influence on decisions in association football The Lancet, Volume 353, Issue 9162, Page 1416
Link to article [subscription only]
Ollis, S, Macpherson, A & Collins, D 2006 Rugby union; Deliberate practice; Deliberate experience; Non-linear development; Transfer; Ethnography; Expertise Expertise and talent development in rugby refereeing: An ethnographic enquiry. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(3):309 – 322
Link to article [subscription only]
Oudjeans, R; Bakker, F; Beek, P 2007 Soccer football; Assistant referee; Judging offside Helsen, Gilis and Weston (2006) err in testing the optical error hypothesis Journal of sports sciences, 25(9): 987-990
Link to article [subscription only]
Page, K; Page, L 2010 Soccer football; Sports economics; Home advantage; Social pressure; Individual differences; Decision-making Alone against the crowd: Individual differences in referees’ ability to cope under pressure. Journal of Economic Psychology.
Link to article [subscription only]
Philippe F; Vallerand R; Andrianarisoa J; Brunel P 2009 Motivation; Psychology; Decision-making Passion in referees : examining their affective and cognitive experiences in sport situations. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 31(1):77-96
Link to article [subscription only]
Plessner, H 1999 Gymnastics judging; Expectation bias Expectation biases in gymnastics judging. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 21, 131-144
Link to article [subscription only]
Plessner, H; Betsch, T 2002 Rugby union Refereeing in Sports is Supposed to be a Craft, Not an Art: Response to Mascarenhas, Collins, and Mortimer (2002) Journal of Sport and Exercise Physiology Vol. 24, Iss. 3
Link to article [subscription only]
Plessner, H; Betsch, T 2001 Soccer football; Decision sequence; Sequential Effects in Important Referee Decisions: The Case of Penalties in Soccer. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology; September,23(3):254-259
Link to article [subscription only]
Plessner, H; Haar, T 2006 Social cognition and sports; Sports performance judgments; Biases; Information processing Sports performance judgments from a social cognitive perspective. Psychology of Sport and Exercise; November, 7(6):555-575
Link to article [subscription only]
Plessner, H; Schallies, E 2005 gymnastics judging; Shape constancy Judging the cross on rings: A matter of achieving shape constancy. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 1145-1156
Link to article [subscription only]
Plessner, H; Schweizer, G; Brand, R; O’Hare, D 2009 Soccer football; Multiple-cue learning; social judgment theory; soccer referees A multiple-cue learning approach as the basis for understanding and improving soccer referees’ decision making. Progress in Brain Research, 174:151-158
Link to article [subscription only]
Quaquebeke, N; van Giessner, S 2010 Soccer football; Decision cue; Decision making dominance; Information processing; Power How embodied cognitions affect judgments: Height-related attribution bias in football foul calls. ERIM report series research in management Erasmus Research Institute of Management
Link to article
Quaquebeke, N; van Giessner, S 2010 Football; Dominance, Power; Decision making, Decision cue, Information processing How embodied cognition affect judgments: Height-related attribution bias in football foul calls. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Link to article [subscription only]
Rainey, D 1995 Baseball; Stress; Burnout; Retention; Stress, Burnout and Intention to Terminate among Umpires Journal of Sport Behavior, Vol. 18
Link to article [subscription only]
Rainey, D 1994 Baseball; Aggression; Assaults on Umpires: A Statewide Survey Journal of Sport Behavior, Vol. 17
Link to article [subscription only]
Rainey, D; Cherilla, K 1993 Baseball; Aggression; Conflict; Conflict with Baseball Umpires: An Observational Study Journal of Sport Behavior, Vol. 16
Link to article [subscription only]
Rainey, D; Hardy, L 1999 Rugby union; Stress; Burnout; Retention Sources of stress, burnout and intention to terminate among rugby union referees. Journal of Sports Sciences; October, 17(10):797-806.
Link to article [subscription only]
Rainey, D; Hardy, L 1999 Rugby union; Assaults Assaults on Rugby Union Referees: A Three Union Survey. Journal of Sport Behavior; March, 22(1):105-114.
Link to article [subscription only]
Rainey, D; Hardy, L 1993 Rugby union; Stress Ratings of stress by rugby referees. Perceptual & Motor Skills; June Part 1,84(3):728-730.
Link to article [subscription only]
Rainey, D; Larsen, J 1988 Baseball; Normative rules; Balls, strikes, and norms: Rule violations and normative rules among baseball umpires. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 10, 75-80.
Link to article [subscription only]
Rainey, D; Larsen, J; Stephenson, A 1988 Baseball; Normative rules; The effects of a pitcher's reputation on umpires' calls of balls and strikes. Journal of Sport Behavior, 12, 139-150.
Link to article [subscription only]
Rainey, D; Larsen, J; Stephenson, A; Olson, T 1993 Baseball; Normative rules; Normative Rules among Umpires: The "Phantom Tag" at Second Base. Journal of Sport Behavior, Vol. 16.
Link to article [subscription only]
Rains, P 1984 National Hockey League; Fairness The production of fairness: Officiating in the National Hockey League. Sociology of Sport Journal, 1984, 1, 150-162.
Link to article [subscription only]
Reilly, T; Gregson, W 2006 Soccer football; Athlete ; Cognition ; Competition ; Sport ; Human ; Physical fitness ; Fatigue ; Energetic cost Special populations: the referee and assistant referee. Journal of Sports Sciences, VOL 24; NUMB 7, pages 795-801.
Link to article
Rulence-Pâques, P; Fruchart, E; Dru, V; Mullet, E 2005 Soccer football; Decision-making; Information integration; Judgment; Development Decision-making in soccer game: a developmental perspective Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée/European Review of Applied Psychology, Vo 55, Issue 2, 131-136.
Link to article [subscription only]
Scheer, J; Ansorge, C 1975 Gymnastics judging; Expectation bias Effects of naturally induced judges' expectations on the ratings of physical performances. Research Quarterly, 46, 463-470.
Link to article [subscription only]
Schwartz M 2008 Baseball; Neuropsychologia ; Mental disorder; Legislation; Medicolegal expertise; Review; Bibliography; Human Sometimes safe, sometimes out―umpire gives split decision. Clinical neuropsychologist, 5, 89-99.
Link to article [subscription only]
Scoppa, V. 2008 Soccer football; Favouritism; Subjective evaluation; Sport economics Are subjective evaluations biased by social factors or connections? an econometric analysis of soccer referee decisions. Empirical Economics, 35, 123-140.
Link to article [subscription only]
Simmons, P. 2008 soccer, football; communication, fairness, culture Justice, culture and football referee communication. Final report of FIFA Joao Havelange research scholarship to FIFA / CIES Scientific Committee, Switzerland.
Link to article 
Simmons, P. 2007 Soccer football; Player perceptions of fairness; Communication Fair call: player perceptions of justice in football referee communication. Paper presented at the Australia and New Zealand Communication Association (ANZCA), Melbourne University, Australia.
Link to article
Simmons, P. 2006 Soccer football; Abuse; Player management; Communication Tackling abuse of officials: attitudes and communication skills of experienced football referees. Paper presented at  the Australia and New Zealand Communication Association (ANZCA), Adelaide University, Australia.
Link to article
Souchon, N.; Cabagno, G.; Traclet, A.; Trouilloud, D.; Maio, G. 2009 competition standard, judgment, heuristics, refereeing, sport performance, transgressions Referees’ use of heuristics: The moderating impact of standard of competition Journal of Sports Sciences, 27, 695–700.
Link to article [subscription only]
Ste-Marie, D. 2003 gymnastics judging; memory bias Memory biases in gymnastic judging: Differential effects of surface feature changes. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 17, 733-751.
Link to article [subscription only]
Ste-Marie, D. 2000 Gymnastics judging; Expertise Expertise in women's gymnastic judging: An observational approach. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 90, 543-546.
Link to article [subscription only]
Ste-Marie, D. 1999 Gymnastics judging; Expertise Expert-novice differences in gymnastic judging: An information processing perspective. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 13, 269-281.
Link to article [subscription only]
Ste-Marie, D. 1996 Gymnastics judging; International bias International bias in gymnastic judging: Conscious or unconscious influences? Perceptual and Motor Skills, 83, 963-975.
Link to article [subscription only]
Ste-Marie, D.; Lee, T. 1991 Gymnastics judging; Memory bias Prior processing effect on gymnastic judging. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 17, 126-136.
Link to article [subscription only]
Ste-Marie, D.; Valiquette, S. 1996 Gymnastics judging; Memory bias Enduring memory-influenced biases in gymnastic judging. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 22, 1498-1502.
Link to article [subscription only]
Sutter, M.; Kocher, M. 2004 soccer, football, home advantage, decision making Favoritism of agents – the case of referees' home bias. Journal of Economic Psychology, 25, 461-469.
Link to article [subscription only]
Thatcher, J. 2005 rugby league, stressors, impression management, stress management; Stress, challenge, and impression management among sports officials. Sport and Exercise Psychology Review, 1, 126-35
Link to article
Tiryaki, M. 2005 football; color black; aggression Assessing whether black uniforms affect the decisions of Turkish soccer referees: is the finding of Frank and Gilovich’s study valid for Turkish culture? Perceptual and Motor Skills, 100, 51-57.
Link to article [subscription only]
Unkelbach, C.; Memmert, D. 2008 soccer, football, decision processes, decision making, judgmental bias Game-management, context-effects, and calibration: the case of yellow cards in soccer. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 30, 95-109.
Link to article [subscription only]
Quaquebeke, N.; van Giessner, S. 2010 football, dominance, power, decision making, decision cue, information processing How embodied cognition affect judgments: height-related attribution bias in football foul calls. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32, 3-22.
Link to article [subscription only]
Weston, M.; Castagna, C.; Helsen, W.; Impellizzeri, F. 2009 soccer; football; match analysis; repeated-sprint ability; fitness; intermittent exercise Relationships among field-test measures and physical match performance in elite-standard soccer referees. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27, 1177-1184
Link to article [subscription only]
Weston, M.; Bird, S.; Helsen, W.; Nevill, A.; Castagna, C. 2006 soccer; football; heart rates; ratings of perceived exertion; competition The effect of match standard and referee experience on the objective and subjective match workload of English Premier League referees. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 9, 256-262.
Link to article
Weston, M.; Helsen, W.; MacMahon, C.; Kirkendall, D. 2004 soccer; football; fitness training; intensity The impact of specific high-intensity training sessions on football referees' fitness levels. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 32, 54S-61S.
Link to article [subscription only]
Wilson, V. 1977 synchronized swimming judging; order effects Objectivity and effect of order of appearance in judging synchronized swimming meets. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 44, 295-298.
Link to article [subscription only]
Whissel, R.; Lyons, S.; Wilkinson, D.; Whissel, C. 1993 figure skating judges; international bias National bias in judgements of Olympic-level skating. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 77, 355-358.
Link to article [subscription only]
Witt, R. 2005 soccer; football; sanctions; player reactions; crime Do players react to sanction changes? evidence from the English Premier League. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 52, 623 - 640.
Link to article [subscription only]
Wolfson, S.; Neave, N. 2007 soccer; football; stress; coping Coping under pressure: cognitive strategies for maintaining confidence among soccer referees. Journal of Sport Behavior, 30, 232-247.
Link to article [subscription only]
Wright, M. 1991 cricket; scheduling; timetabling heuristics Scheduling English cricket umpires. The Journal of the Operational Research Society, 42, 447-452
Link to article [subscription only]
Yavuz, M.; Inan, U.; Fığlalı, A. 2008 soccer; football; referee assignment; heuristics Fair referee assignments for professional football leagues. Computers & Operations Research, 35, 2937-2951
Link to article [subscription only]
Zitzewitz, E. 2006 judges; decision making; bias Nationalism in winter sports judging and its lessons for organizational decision-making. Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, 15, 67-99
Link to article [subscription only]

Please adhere to the Fair Use of the RUB database, or contribute to improving the RUB by submitting feedback.


Top of page

What the Share/Subscribe icons are for

Because this resource is useful for a wide range of academics, students and researchers we have made it easy for you to share it with like-minded people and expand awareness to a wider audience: (in order of the icons from left to right)

Facebook is a social networking utility that connects people with friends and others who work, study and live around them. People use Facebook to keep up with friends, upload an unlimited number of photos, post links and videos, and learn more about the people they meet.

MySpace is another social networking utility that helps you keep in touch with friends & classmates, meet new people, listen to free music & build playlists, share photos and common interests.

Digg is a place for people to discover and share content from anywhere on the web.

Del.icio.us is the world’s leading social bookmarking service, designed to let you keep, share and discover useful content on the internet.

StumbleUpon discovers web sites based on your interests, learns what like and brings you more content in a similar vein.

Twitter is a popular micro-blogging web application that allows you to follow friends, trends and others to follow your updates.

RSS is a syndication format which allows you to be automatically notified in your feed reading software, web site or email when this site is updated, instead of having to come back to check whether new articles have been added to the RUB database.

Email Click the mail icon to sign-up to have an email sent to you whenever new articles are added to the Referee and Umpire Bibliography.


Top of page