dirk hr spennemann

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1991—1996
Publications by Dirk HR Spennemann

List of Publications 1982-1990 not accessible on the WWW.

 


Archaeology & Prehistory
 

1996

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) Gifts from the waves. A case of marine transport of obsidian to Nadikdik Atoll and the occurrence of other drift material in the Marshall Islands. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage Report Vol. 23. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University: Albury, NSW

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) Ein javanisches Zeremonialbeil (candrasa) mit Fundortangabe Waldalgesheim, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland: ein Beitrag zur Typologie und Chronologie. TRIBUS 45, 95-118.

 

1995

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) Review of Matthew Spriggs (ed.), Lapita Design, Form and Composition. Proceedings of the Lapita Design Workshop, Canberra, Australia-December 1988. (Occasional Papers in Prehistory Nº 19). Department of Prehistory, Research School of Pacific Studies, The Australian National University, Canberra. 1990. In: Canberra Anthropology

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. and Bernd Franke (1995) Decomposition of human bodies and the interpretation of burials in the tropical Pacific. Archaeology in Oceania 30, 66-73

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. and Bernd Franke (1995) Archaeological techniques for exhumations: a unique data source for crime scene investigations. Forensic Science International 74(1), 5-15.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. and Bernd Franke (1995) Decomposition of buried human bodies and associated death scene materials on coral atolls in the tropical Pacific. Journal of Forensic Sciences 40 (3) 356-367.

 

 

1994

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) On the diet of pigs foraging on mudflats on Tongatapu: an investigation in taphonomy. Archaeology in New Zealand 37(2), 104-110.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) Excavations of a prehistoric cemetery on Majuro Island, Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage Report No 13- The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW., 1994.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & Bernd Franke (1994) On the dark stains observed in some Tongan burials. Archaeology in New Zealand. 37 (1), 35-43.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) Review of: G.F.Ijzereef, Bronze Age Animal Bones from Bovenkarspel. The Excavation at het Valkje. Project Noord-Holland 1. Nederlandse Oudheden 10. Rijksdienst vor het Oudheidkundig Bodemonderz^k, Amersfoort 1981. In: Fundberichte aus Hessen 27/28, 1987/88 (1994), 179-181.

 

1993

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) Cowrie shell tools: fact or fiction? Archaeology in Oceania 28(1), 40-49.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) Ark shell netsinkers: fact or fiction? Archaeology in New Zealand 36(2), 75-83.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) The Exhumation of Human Bodies on Mejatto Island, Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands Narrative and Documentation. Case report prepared for the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, Washington/USA & Heidelberg/Germany as part of the Plutonium in Bone Study, Rongelap Resettlement Project. Pacific Cultural Resources Management Case Reports. Albury, NSW, Australia: Pacific Cultural Resources Management.

 

1992

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) 'Ata 'a Tonga mo 'ata 'o Tonga: Early and Later Prehistory of the Tongan Islands . 4 Vols. UMI 92-13735. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms International.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Differential representation of human skeletal remains in eroded and redeposited coastal deposits: A case study from the Marshall Islands. International Journal of Anthropology 7 (1), 1-8.

 

1991

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1991) Don't forget the bamboo. On recognising and interpreting butchery marks in tropical faunal assemblages, some comments asking for caution. In: S.Solomon, I.Davidson & D.Watson (eds.), Problem solving in taphonomy. Archaeological and palaeontological studies from Europe, Africa and Oceania. Tempus. Archaeology and Material Culture Studies in Anthropology. Volume 2, 1990 (1991). St.Lucia, Queensland: Anthropology Museum University of Queensland. Pp.108-134.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1991) Quo vadis Lapita? Oder: vom Aufstieg und Niedergang der Lapita-Kultur auf Tonga. Ein Beitrag zu Siedlungsmuster und geographischer Umwelt der Lapita-Kultur. In: B.Ilius & M.Laubscher (eds.), Circiumpacifica. Festschrift für Thomas S. Barthel. Band II: Ozeanien, Miszellen . Frankfurt am Main, Peter Lang Verlag. 1990 (1991).Pp. 227-256.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1991) The role of pigs and dogs in the taphonomy of archaeological assemblages from Tonga. In: S.Solomon, I.Davidson & D.Watson (eds.), Problem solving in taphonomy. Archaeological and palaeontological stuides from Europe, Africa and Oceania. Tempus. Archaeology and Material Culture Studies in Anthropology . Volume 2, 1990 (1991). St.Lucia, Queensland: Anthropology Museum University of Queensland. Pp.101-107.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1991) Selektion menschlicher Skelettreste in ausgewaschenen Grabstätten: eine Fallstudie von den Marshall-Inseln. Archo/ooologische Informationen 14(1), 1991, 32-40.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. and Sarah Colley (1991) Fire in a pit: effects of burning on faunal remains. Archaeozoologia III,1/2 1989 (1991), 51-64. 1990

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1990) Zu Produktion und Funktion einiger mittelbronzezeitlicher und r^mischer Knochengero/oote aus Heldenbergen, Main-Kinzig-Kreis. Hanauer Geschichtsblätter 30, 1988 (1990), 37-54.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1990) Osteologische Untersuchungen an den tierischen Resten aus einer Siedlung der mittleren Bronzezeit bei Nidderau-Heldenbergen, Main-Kinzig-Kreis. Hanauer Geschichtsblätter 30, 1988 (1990), 7-36,

 
 
 


20th century heritage
 

1996

Look, David W. & Dirk H.R.Spennemann (1996) In a tropical marine climate: Conservation Management of Historic Metals. APT Bulletin 27(1-2), 60.

A severe tropical climate and a lack of maintenance have resulted in huge inventory of World War II (WWII) sites and objects in the Pacific Area (in both US territories and in the new republics of Freely Associated States of Micronesia) in an advanced, accelerated state of deterioration. How can we assist the Micronesians in preserving a brief moment in time when two foreign nations fought a war on their homeland? The commemoration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the WWII has come and gone. Although the war has not been forgotten, the current hard economic situation in the US, Micronesia, and elsewhere has not been the ideal time to secure the preservation of these vulnerable resources. Since we do not have adequate funds to preserve these irreplaceable cultural resources, what can we do to slow the rate of deterioration.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) Adaptive re-use of B-24 parts in the Marshall Islands Briefing-The Journal of the Intenational Liberator Club 59, p. 3.

The abundance of military sites and materiel of the Pacific War meant that many places and objects found secondary uses during and especially after the war. The paper reviews the secondary use of parts of B-24 ĚLiberatorŒ bomber aircraft. Prime items were aluminium oxygen cylinders which served as cooking pots, but aluminium struts, and even entire propeller baldes also found their use.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) B-24 Liberators on virtual display on the Internet. Briefing-The Journal of the Intenational Liberator Club 56, 22

The abundance of military sites and materiel of the Pacific War meant that many places and objects found secondary uses during and especially after the war. The paper reviews the secondary use of parts of B-24 ĚLiberatorŒ bomber aircraft. Prime items were aluminium oxygen cylinders which served as cooking pots, but aluminium struts, and even entire propeller baldes also found their use.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & Harris, Kellie (1996) Cultural heritage of Culcairn Shire: some considerations for strategic planning. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage Report Vol. 71. Charles Sturt University, The Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage: Albury, NSW

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & Vusoniwailala, Kate (1995) Melanesian Cultural Cultural Heritage Management Identification Study. Trip Report Nº 1. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage Report Vol. 48. Charles Sturt University, Johnstone Centre of Parks, Receation and Heritage: Albury, NSW

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & Meyenn, Robert J. (1996) Melanesian Cultural Heritage Management Identification Study. Strategic Issues Document. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage Report Vol. 61. The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University: Albury, NSW.
  

Spennemann, D.H.R. (1996) "Hundertwasser Wohnen in den Wiesen". Art, Architecture and Heritage in Bad Soden, Germany. A hypermedia resource. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury NSW, Australia.
URL: http://life.csu.edu.au/~dspennem/Varia/Hundertwasser/100W_Start.html [Developed as a case study for a student assignment]

Spennemann, D.H.R. (1996) The three lives of St. Matthew's Anglican Church, Kiewa Street, Albury.. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury NSW, Australia.
URL: http://life.csu.edu.au/~dspennem/Varia/St.Matthews/SM_Start.html [Developed as a case study for a student assignment]

 

1995

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) Physical reminders of the British-Japanese Armament Trade in Micronesia. Journal of the Pacific Society (Tokyo) 18(3), 1-15.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) British Naval Guns in Micronesia. Mariners Mirror 81(3), 343-347.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) The site visibility and site survey bias in cultural resource management. A Preliminary analysis of the 1993 survey reports held by Aboriginal Affairs Victoria. The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage Report 19 Albury, NSW: The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University

All consultancy reports submitted in 1993 to the Heritage Division of Aboriginal Affairs Victoria were reviewed to assess how the consultants dealt with issues of site visibilty and bias. The results showed that in their present form many of the reports

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & Look, David W. (1995) Impact of tropical vegetation on historical cultural resources. A photographic case study from the Marshall Islands. The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage Report 18. Albury, NSW: The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University.

 

1994

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) 'Draft Proposals for a Heritage Act (Victoria)'. A submission of formal comment. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University. P.O. Box 789, Albury NSW 2640.

Look, David W. & Dirk H.R.Spennemann (1994) Preparing for the 50th anniversary of Guam Liberation. Metals Conservation Course and Demonstration Project. CRM Bulletin 17(8): 35-36.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) An archaeological survey of the proposed Corowa sewerage augmentation scheme carried out at Corowa, NSW, on behalf of NSW Public Works. Johnstone Centre for Parks Recreation and Heritage Report nª 8. The Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) The last flight of the 'St. Quentin Quail'. Investigations of the wreckage and history of Consolidated B-24 'Liberator' aircraft #42-41205 off Jab'u Island, Arno Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage Report No 17- The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW., 1994.

 

1993

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) A dictionary of common terms used in the preparation of cultural resource assessments - Preliminary ed. - Albury, NSW.: Charles Sturt University, The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage, 1993. 32pp.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) Cultural Resources on Mejatto Island, Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. Observations during a series of exhumations in January 1993. Case report prepared for the Republic of the Marshall Islands Historic Preservation Office . Pacific Cultural Resources Management Case Reports. Albury, NSW, Australia: Pacific Cultural Resources Management.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) The archaeological manifestation of contemporary Marshallese burial practices. Observations made during a series of exhumations on Mejatto Island, Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. Pacific Cultural Resources Management Case Reports. Albury, NSW, Australia: Pacific Cultural Resources Management.

Look, David W. and Dirk H.R. Spennemann, (1993) For Future Use: A Management Conservation Plan for the World War II sites in the Republic of the Marshall Islands. , Albury, NSW, Australia, and San Francisco, U.S.A.: The Johnstone Centre of Park, Recreation and Heritage and the U.S. National Park Service Western Regional Office.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) Marshall Islands approves comprehensive preservation legislation. Journal of Field Archaeology 20(4), 504-505

Look, David W. & Dirk H.R. Spennemann (1993) Saving WWII Historic Sites. Metals Conservation Course in the Marshall Islands. Cultural Resource Management Bulletin [U.S. National Park Service] 16 (5), 22-24.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) Multicultural Resources Management-a Pacific Perspective. Historic Preservation Forum 7(1), 20-26.

 

1992

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) World War II Sites on Wotje Island. In: David W. Look and Dirk H.R. Spennemann (compilers), 'Conservation of Iron Artefacts in a Tropical Marine Climate .' Workbook for a workshop held at Majuro and Wotje Atolls, Republic of the Marshall Islands, December 3rd to 10th, 1992. Majuro Atoll: Republic of the Marshall Islands Historic Preservation Office and U.S. National Park Service, Western Regional Office

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) The Cultural Resources of Wotje Atoll. In: David W. Look and Dirk H.R. Spennemann (compilers), 'Conservation of Iron Artefacts in a Tropical Marine Climate .' Workbook for a workshop held at Majuro and Wotje Atolls, Republic of the Marshall Islands, December 3rd to 10th, 1992. Majuro Atoll: Republic of the Marshall Islands Historic Preservation Office and U.S. National Park Service, Western Regional Office

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Target '96: Using the Past to Navigate the Future. An Assessment of Historic Preservation Needs in the Republic of the Marshall Islands and a Comprehensive Plan of Action for FY 1992/93 to 1996/97. Majuro, Marshall Islands: Historic Preservation Office.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Cultural Resource Management Plan for Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. 2 Vols. Washington: U.S.Department of Interior, Office of Territorial and International Affairs. Part I: Managment Plan 543 pp. Part II: Appendices 352 pp.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Predictive Modelling of Settlement Expansion and its implications for Historic Preservation Efforts on Coral Atolls: A case study from Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. Paper distributd at : National Park Service Cultural Resources Training Places of Value in the Midst of Change: Evaluation, Treatment and Negotiation in Cultural Resources Management. Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia, May 18-22, 1992. Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands: Historic Preservation Office.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (comp.) (1992) Republic of the Marshall Islands Historic Preservation Legislation. A compilation of all applicable laws and regulations. Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands: Historic Preservation Office.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R., Carmen Bigler and Abacca Anjain (1992) Cultural Resource Management in the Republic of the Marshall Islands 90/91. ISLA - Journal of Micronesian Studies 1(2), 437-444.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Apocalypse now?-the fate of World War II sites on the Central Pacific Islands. Cultural Resources Management [U.S.National Park Service, Washington] 15(2), 1992, 15-16, 22.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Archaeological Site Location Using a Global Positioning System. Journal of Field Archaeology 19(2), 1992, 271-274.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) World War II Remains on Central Pacific Islands: Perceptions of Heritage versus Priorities of Preservation. The Pacific Review 5 (3), 1992, 278-290.

 

1991

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1991) The Majuro Cultural Garden. A Case for the Establishment of a Demonstration Garden of Traditionally Utilised Cultural Plants on Uliga Island, Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. Majuro Atoll: Republic of the Marshall Islands Historic Preservation Office.

 
 
 


Anthropology
 

1996

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) Local rebound in the face of a global economy? The increasing need to reaffirm traditional skills in: Gaynor Macdonald and Allyson Luders (eds), Australian Anthropological Conference 1996 Annual Conference. Abstracts., School of Arts and Cultural Heritage, Charles Sturt University: Albury, NSW. Pp. 62.

Cultural heritage management the world over has become fixated on the management of sites and places, on the management of tangible resources, while the traditional immersion of these sites into the cultural expressions as whole has been severed. Only too often cultural policy addresses sites as entities separate from the rest of cultural manifestations. While eco-tourism and cultural tourism allow the transformation of cultural places as income generators, many government agencies see heritage management as a millstone around the neck of economic development. The second prong of cultural policy severs traditional skills from modern society. They are recorded by arts institutes, cultural centres and museums and seen as quite separate from the modern economic structures. Resource-rich countries can economically afford, for the time being at least, the import of almost all foodstuffs and goods. Resource-poor nations cannot. This paper will review the potential relevance of traditional skills as import substitutes in the atoll nation of the Marshall Islands and show that there is very much a role to be played by traditional skills and crafts in contemporary society, and they, in fact, have a competitive advantage.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) A web of holes or a new fishing net for the Pacific? The WWW in Oceania in: Gaynor Macdonald and Allyson Luders (eds), Australian Anthropological Conference 1996 Annual Conference. Abstracts. , School of Arts and Cultural Heritage, Charles Sturt University: Albury, NSW. Pp. 63.

 

1995

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) Population control measures in traditional Marshallese Culture and their implications for today. Asian Culture (Asian-Pacific Culture) Quarterly 23 (1), 19-30.

 

1994

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) Traditional arrowroot production and utilisation in the Marshall Islands. Journal of Ethnobiology 14(2),

 

1992

html">Downing, Jane., Dirk H.R.Spennemann & Margaret Bennett (eds.) (1992) Bwebwenatoon Etto. A collection of Marshallese Legends and Traditions. With illustrations by Amram Enos and Paul Kingsbury. Marshall Islands Culture And History. Series E: Legends, Chants and Proverbs. Vol No 1. Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands: Historic Preservation Office.
    Electronic version at http://marshall.csu.edu.au/legends/legends.html

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Makmõk. Notes on the occurrence, utilisation, and importance of Polynesian Arrowroot (Tacca leontopetaloides ) in the Marshall Islands. Republic of the Marshall Islands Ministry of Internal Affairs / Ministry of Social Services Occasional Paper Nº 1. Majuro, Marshall Islands: Ministries of Internal Affairs and Social Services.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Marshallese Tattoos . Marshall Islands Culture And History. Series C: Traditional Skills and Practices. Volume No 1. Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands: Historic Preservation Office. 233pp.
    Electronic version at http://marshall.csu.edu.au/tattoo/tattoo.html

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Arrowroot production in the Marshall Islands: past, present and future. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science 20(2), 1992, 97.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Historic Demography of Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. Journal of the Pacific Society (Tokyo) 15(1), 1992, (1)-152)-(21)-132

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Copra Revenues as a parameter of Male Income in the Outer Islands of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Journal of the Pacific Society (Tokyo) 15(2-3), 1992, 43-54.

 

1990

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1990) Changing Gender roles in Tongan Society: some comments based on archaeological observations. In: P.Herda, J.Terrell & N.Gunson (eds.), Tongan Culture and History . Papers from the 1stTongan History Conference held in Canberra 14-17 January 1987. Department of Pacific and South East Asian History, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, Canberra.

 
 
 


Cultural & Natural Environment
 

1996

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) The presence of Varanus indicus on the atolls of the Marshall Islands. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University. WWW document URL: http://life.csu.edu.au/~dspennem/RMI/Varanus_indicus.html

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & Head, M. John (1996) Reservoir modification of radiocarbon signatures in coastal and near-shore waters of Eastern Australia: the state of play. Quarternary Australasia 14(1), 32-39.

Oceanic processes (incl. chemical, physical and biological) The radiocarbon (14C) activity of an ocean water sample varies at any given point in time and space depending on the concentration of surface air (CO2) absorbed into the seawater in relation to 14C -depleted deep ocean waters brought to the surface by currents and upwelling. The carbon precipitated by marine organisms (corals/shell) reflects this 14C activity, and returns an apparent older age. Local inshore effects, such as terrestrial run off or input of 14C-depleted ground water, as well as offshore influences such as localised currents, have been shown to influence the determinations. Unless sub-regional correction factors are developed as based on a series of systematic studies, the present practice of age determinations maybe result in misleading interpretation of data
 

1995

Franke, Bernd, R.Schupfner, H.Schüttelkopf and Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) Transuranics in bone of deceased former residents of Rongelap Atoll, Marshall Islands. In: 'Plutonium in the Environment' Journal of Applied Radiation and Isotopes 46 (11), 1253-1258.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & M. John Head (1995) Diachronic changes in the water budget of Fanga Uta Lagoon, Tongatapu, Tonga (South Pacific): evidence of d13C values in marine shells Paper presented at the 2nd ANZ Meeting on Quarternary Dating, 1-3 February 1995, Australian National University, Canberra.

Stable carbon isotope ratios in marine shells depend on the amount of non-marine carbon precipitated by the shells. Shells from Tongatapu were found to fluctuate in the delat-13C values. The data are shown to be useful tools to assess the water budget of Fanga 'Uta Lagoon
 

1994

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & Ian Marschner (1994) Stormy Years. On the association between the El Niño/Southern oscillation phenomenon and the ocurence of typhoons in the Marshall Islands. Report to the Federal Emergency Management Agency, Region IX, San Francisco. Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage Report No 9. The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW., 1994.
       

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & David W. Look (1994) Impact of tropical vegetation on historical cultural resources. A photographic case study from the Marshall Islands. The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage Report No 18. The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW., 1994.

 

1993

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) Toorlok Bok-Predictions of environmental, economical, social and cultural impacts of a potential rise in relative sea-level on the atolls of the Marshall Islands, Micronesia. In S.Burgin (es.), Climate Change: Implications for Natural Resource Conservation. University of Western Sydney, Hawkesbury Occasional Papers in Biological Sciences 1. Richmond, NSW: University of Western Sydney, Hawkesbury. Pp.185-251.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) On the 239/240Pu and 242Pu content of the Majuro Control Sample. The origin of the control sample used in the determination of transuranic elements in exhumed bones from deceased residents of Rongelap Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. Johnstone Centre for Parks Recreation and Heritage Report nª 2. The Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW.

 

1992

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992)Wotje Atoll. Its geography, natural and cultural history . Independent Nationwide Radiological Survey Background Study Nº 34. Majuro: Historic Preservation Office.

 

1990

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. Gerry Byrne and Lloyd H. Belz (1990) An outline of the potential impacts of greenhouse gas generated climatic change and projected sea-level rise on Tongatapu, Kingdom of Tonga. With special emphasis on the Nuku'alofa township area. In: G.Pernetta & P.J.Hughes (eds.), Implications of expected climate changes in the South Pacific region: an overview. United Nations Environmental Programme Regional Seas Reports & Studies Series Vol. 128, 1990, 161-192.

 
 
 


Disasters & Disaster Management
 

1996

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) The role of universities in urban disaster reduction: From discordant soloists to a symphonic orchestra in: UN-IDNDR and QUIPUNET Internet Conference "Solutions for Cities at Risk" 26 August 1996 - 25 October 1996.

The paper review several educational issues on disaster management and concludes that international coopertaion and a sharing of disaster management courses is not only desireable but also invetable in the age of the information superhighway

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & David W. Look (1996) The impact of the disaster impact managers-from conflict to dialogue. Australian Journal of Disaster Management 11(1), 6-8.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) Effects of earthquakes on Wagga Wagga: the 1871 and 1872 events Bulletin of the Wagga Wagga Historical Society 300, 3-6. blockquote>Soon it will be 125 years since the European residents of Wagga Wagga felt their first serious earthquake. The published local histories do not mention earthquakes, which attests both to the scarcity of such events, and to the low importance afforded these phenomena by historians unless major damage and loss of life occurred. This brief article reminds readers of these events by reviewing the information available on the 1871 and 1872 earthquakes and placing it into context

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) 8 June 1871-The first documented earthquake felt in Albury Albury and District Historical Society Bulletin 345, 3-4.

Soon it will be 125 years since the European residents of Albury felt their first earthquake. The local histories, with the exception of Andrews do not mention earthquakes, which attests to the scarcity of such events, and to the low importance afforded these phenomena by the writers. This brief article reminds readers of these events by reviewing the information available on the 1871 and 1872 earthquakes and placing it into context

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) Dreading the next wave: non-traditional settlement patterns and typhoon threats on contemporary Majuro, Marshall Islands. Environmental Management 20(3), 337-348.

Low-lying islands and atolls are particularly prone to storm surges created by tropical depressions and typhoons. This paper presents a case study of traditional and contemporary settlement patterns of Majuro, the capital of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and discusses its vulnerability to such storm surges. The paper shows that the application of traditional knowledge extends to the realm of urban planning and that, in fact, ignoring this traditional knowledge as expressed in pre-World War II settlement patterns, exposes urban development to increased flood hazards, a risk which may exact a price too high in life and property
 

1995

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) Natural Disaster Mitigation and Cultural Heritage: a course proposal. In: Dirk H.R. Spennemann, David W.Look and Glenn D.Matthews (eds.): Proceedings of the symposium "Management of disaster mitigation and response programs for historic sites: a dialogue. San Francisco, CA. June 27-29, 1995. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW, Australia. [URL href="http://life.csu.edu.au/ ~dspennem/ Disaster_SFO/ SFO_Course.html]

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. and David G. Green (in press) A special interest network for natural hazard mitigation for cultural heritage sites. In: Dirk H.R. Spennemann, David W.Look and Glenn D.Matthews (eds.): Proceedings of the symposium "Management of disaster mitigation and response programs for historic sites: a dialogue. San Francisco, CA. June 27-29, 1995. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW, Australia. [URL http://life.csu.edu.au/ ~dspennem/ Disaster_SFO/ SFO_SIN_Proposal.html]

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) A view from the rim: a summation paper. In: Dirk H.R. Spennemann, David W.Look and Glenn D.Matthews (eds.) : Proceedings of the symposium "Management of disaster mitigation and response programs for historic sites: a dialogue. San Francisco, CA. June 27-29, 1995. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW, Australia. [URL http://life.csu.edu.au/ ~dspennem/ Disaster_SFO/ SFO_Summary_Paper.html]

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) Conservation management and mitigation of the Impact of tropical cyclones on archaeological sites: examples from Tonga, the Marshall Islands and Australia. Paper read at: Management of disaster mitigation and response programs for historic sites: a dialogue. San Francisco, CA. June 27-29, 1995. San Francisco, CA: U.S. National Park Service, Western Regional Office

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) Dreading the next wave: non-traditional settlement patterns and typhoon threats on contemporary Majuro, Marshall Islands. Natural Hazards Research Center Working Papers, Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, University of Colorado, Boulder, Co

 
 
 
 


History

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) Memories, Memorabilia and Monuments: private, territorial and federal interpretations of the Pacific War in Guam. In: E.Beckmann and Stephen Hull (eds)Interpretation: attached to heritage', Papers presented at the Third Annual Conference of Interpretation Australia Association 5-7 December 1994. Collingwood, Vic: Interpretation Australia. Pp. 195-205

 


Cultural Tourism & Interpretation
 

1995

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & Lesley Montfort (1995) Graduate Diploma's and Coursework Masters offered by Australian Universities in Distance Education mode A descriptive analysis of various parameters. School of Environmental and Information Sciences Report No 1. Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW., 1995.

 

1994

Curtis, Allan L., Stephen J. Hull & Dirk H.R. Spennemann (1994) Eco-tourism the pitfalls. In K.Markwell & Sue Muloin (eds), Open to Interpretation 1993. Conference papers of the Annual Conference of the Interpretation Australia Association . University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW. Pp. 82-86.

 

1993

Curtis, Allan L., Stephen J. Hull & Dirk H.R. Spennemann (1993) Willyama Arid Zone Reserve. Eco-tourism and educational tourism themes for the Broken Hill Common. Johnstone Centre for Parks Recreation and Heritage Report nª 3. The Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW.

 

1992

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992)Republic of the Marshall Islands World War II Historic Sites Recording Programme . National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers Resource Fair 1992. Washington D.C. 8 pp.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992)Republic of the Marshall Islands Library and and Literacy Week 1992. Oral Traditions and Oral history.

Wotje, Wotje Atoll. Air Marshall Islands Sunday Escape . Folded tour brochure. Majuro: AIRMarshall Islands.

 

1991

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1991) Taroa, Maloelap Atoll. Air Marshall Islands Sunday Escape . Folded tour brochure. Majuro: AIRMarshall Islands.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1991) Mile, Mile Atoll. Air Marshall Islands Sunday Escape . Folded tour brochure. Majuro: AIRMarshall Islands.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1991) Tonga Capital Places Tour . Suva: Tourism Council of the South Pacific.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1991) Historic Preservation Calendar 1992 . Majuro: Ministry of Interior and Outer Islands Affairs, Historic Preservation Office.

 
 
 


Training Tools
 

1995

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) In the heat of the moments: effects of fire shells. In Dirk H.R. Spennemann (compiler) Physical Conservation Methods. Readings. External Study Package PKM 368. Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga.

 

1994

Dirk H.R. Spennemann (1994) Physical Conservation Techniques. Modular external study package for undergraduate course PKM 368. Open Learning Institute, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga.

Look, David W. & Dirk H.R. Spennemann (1994) The preservation of stationary metal objects in a tropical marine climate. In Dirk H.R. Spennemann (ed.) Cultural Heritage Management. External Study Package PKM 402 for the Masters of Applied Science (Parks, Recreation and Heritage). Autumn 1994. Open Learning Institute, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) Identifying historic brickwork-techniques, styles and conservation problems. School of Environmental and Information Science, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW. 19 pp.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) The Willandra Lakes Conundrum World Heritage in Policy Conflict Workbook & Readings. The Johnstone Centre for Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW. 2 vols. 159 & 104 pp.

Look, David W. & Dirk H.R. Spennemann (1994) Workshop 'Conservation Management of Historic Metals in Tropical Environments.' War in the Pacific National Historical Park, Guam June 27-July 1, 1994. Workbook compiled by David W. Look and Dirk H.R. Spennemann. War in the Pacific National Historical Park, Guam, U.S.A.
The volume contains the following background notes which in fact constitute separate publications:

  • Japanese Coastal Defense Strategy in Micronesia.
  • The British Armament Trade with Japan. Examining the origin of Coastal Defence Guns in Micronesia.
  • 200mm (8-inch) Coastal Defense Guns. British, Italian and Japanese Naval Guns and their Emplacements in Micronesia.
  • Japanese 127mm Dual Purpose Guns and their Emplacements in Micronesia
  • 4.7-inch (120mm) Naval Guns. British and Japanese Coastal Defence and Dual Purpose Guns and their Emplacements in Micronesia.
  • 6-inch (150mm) Coastal Defense Guns. British, Italian and Japanese Naval Guns and their Emplacements in Micronesia.
  • Recording Coastal Defense Guns and Emplacements in Micronesia. Guidelines [Spennemann, D.H.R., D.W. Look & J. Bayliss]
  • An Illustrated Glossary of Japanese Coastal Defence. Ordnance, Ammunition and its Manufacturers.
  • The Pacific War in Micronesia. A Bibliography of Publications on Japanese Bases and their Equipment
  • Writing Conservation Management Plans. Concepts & Considerations for Conservation Management Plans [Spennemann, D.H.R. & D.W. Look] URL:http://life.csu.edu.au/~dspennemann/Publications/Guam/G11-CMP.html
  •  

    1993

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) Cultural Heritage Management. Modular external study package PKM 402 for the Masters of Applied Science (Parks, Recreation and Heritage). Open Learning Institute, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga.

     

    1992

    Look, David W. & Dirk H.R. Spennemann (1992) Workshop 'Conservation of Iron Artefacts in a Tropical Marine Climate. ' Majuro and Wotje Atolls, Republic of the Marshall Islands, December 3rd to 10th, 1992. Workbook. Republic of the Marshall Islands Historic Preservation Office, Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands and U.S. National Park Service, San Francisco, U.S.A.

     

    1990

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1990) Archaeology in the Marshall Islands: what is it all about. Video-film, VHS. 30 minutes

     
     
     


    Public Education
     

    1994

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) A fallen Liberator: the history of a Consolidated B-24 'Liberator' aircraft wreck in Majuro Lagoon, Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association of Australia Magazine 47 (3), 57-63.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) Historic Preservation in the Marshall Islands. After the Battle 84, 44-46.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) Assessing fallen Liberators in the Marshall Islands. Briefing -The Journal of the International B-24 Liberator Club. 51, 7-13.

     

    1991

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1991) Editorial. Ennaanin Etto-News from the Past 1(1), 2.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1991) Know your Past 1: Historical Sites on Taroa Island, Maloelap Atoll. Ennaanin Etto-News from the Past 1(1), 5-6.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1991) Marshall Islands: Arrowroot production. IRETA's South Pacific Agricultural News 9(5), August 1991, P. 3.

     

    1992

    Curtis, Carol and Dirk H.R. Spennemann (1992) Know Your Past 7: Traditional Culture: Marshallese stickchart navigation. Ennaanin Etto -News from the Past 2(4), 1992, 58-60; 62

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Arrowroot production in the Marshall Islands: past, present and future. IRETA South Pacific Agriculture News 9(5), 1991 (1992), 2.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Arrowroot production in the Marshall Islands: past, present and future. Palawija (Newsletter of the Institute for Coarse Grains, Pulses, Roots and Tuber Crops in the Humid Tropics of Asia and the Pacific). Vol. 9(1), 1992, 1-2.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Editorial. Ennaanin Etto -News from the Past 2(1), 1992, 2-3.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Editorial. Ennaanin Etto -News from the Past 2(4), 1992, 40.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Know your Past 2: Historical Sites on Mile Island, Mile Atoll. Ennaanin Etto -News from the Past 2(1), 1992, 8-10

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Know your Past 3: Breadfruit Peelers: old technology but still high tech. Ennaanin Etto -News from the Past 2(1), 1992, 11.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Know your Past 4: Traditional Art. All Animals are marked and so shall you: Marshallese Men's Tattoos. Ennaanin Etto -News from the Past 2(2), 1992, 6-8,12.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Know Your Past 5: Traditional Marshallese Material Culture. Traditional Utilisation of Mangroves. Ennaanin Etto -News from the Past 2(2), 1992, 4-5.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Know Your Past 6: Traditional Art. All animals are marked and so shall you: Marshallese women's tattoos. Ennaanin Etto -News from the Past 2(4), 1992, 54-57; 62

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) The economic value of Historic Preservation. Ennaanin Etto -News from the Past 1992 Supplement, 6 pages.

     

    1993

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) Aviation Archaeology. Ennaanin Etto -News from the Past 3(1), 1993, 1; 4-11.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) Editorial. Ennaanin Etto -News from the Past 3(1), 1993, 2.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) Know Your Past 8: History: Japanese Sea Plane and Flying Boat operations in the Marshall Islands. Ennaanin Etto -News from the Past 3(1), 1993, 12-16.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1993) Know Your Past 9: History: History and Archaeology of a B-24 bomber off Ajola I., Majuro Atoll. Ennaanin Etto -News from the Past 3(1), 1993, 17-20.

    Ennaanin Etto-Essays on the Marshallese Past. Marshall Islands Culture And History. Series F: Technical Studies and Miscellaneous. Volume No 1. Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands: Historic Preservation Office. 312pp.
        Electronic version at http://marshall.csu.edu.au/essays/essays.html

     
     
     


    Conference Papers
     

    1994

    Franke, Bernd, R.Schupfner, H.Schuettelkopf and Dirk H.R. Spennemann (1994) Transuranics in bone of deceased former residents of Rongelap Atoll, Marshall Islands. Paper read at International Symposium on Plutonium in the Environment, Ottawa July 6-8, 1994. National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) Memories, Memorabilia and Monuments: private, territorial and federal interpretations of the Pacific War in Guam. Paper read at "Interpretation: attached to heritage", the 1994 Interpretation Australia Conference. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation & Heritage, Charles Sturt University

    Look, David & Dirk H.R. Spennemann (1994) Conservation of World War II Sites in a tropical Marine climate. Paper read at Annual Conference of the American Society for Preservation Technology, Seattle, September 1994.

     

    1993

    Curtis, A., Stephen Hull & Dirk H.R. Spennemann (1993) Eco-tourism: the pitfalls. 1993 Open to Interpretation Conference Abstracts. 1993 Open to Interpretation Conference November 29 to December 1, 1993, University of Newcastle, NSW.

     

    1992

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Predictive Modelling of Settlement Expansion and its implications for Historic Preservation Efforts on Coral Atolls: A case study from Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. Report Prepared for: National Park Service Cultural Resources Training Places of Value in the Midst of Change: Evaluation, Treatment and Negotiation in Cultural Resources Management. Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia, May 18-22, 1992. Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands: Historic Preservation Office.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Historic Preservation of all people, by all people, for all people. Multi-Cultural Resources Management-a Pacific Perspective. Speech given at the conference: "Fostering Appreciation for Cultural Diversity: Historic Preservation in `90s: Shaping America's communities by embracing the vitality of people and places. 46th National Preservation Conference, October 7-11, 1992, Miami, Florida. National Trust for Historic Preservation.

     

    1991

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Torlokbok: Impacts of a potential rise in relative sea-level on the atolls of the Marshall Islands, Micronesia. In: P.Osborne & S.Burgin (eds.), Hawkesbury Centenary Conference. Climate Change: Implications for Natural Resources Management 25-26 November 1991. Programme & Abstracts. Richmond, NSW: University of Western Sydney, Hawkesbury. P. 17.
     


    CRM & Education
     

    1996

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) General Knowledge in Heritage and History. Internal Student population 1996 School of Environmental and Information Sciences Report Vol. 6. School of Environmental and Information Sciences, Charles Sturt University: Albury, NSW.
    URL: http://life.csu.edu.au/~dspennem/Publications/Attitudes96/GeneralKnowledge.html

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) Students' commitments to attend residential schools: who bears the burden? Occasional Papers in Open and Distance Learning. Charles Sturt University 19, 15-24.

    The participants of the 1995 residential school for subject PKM 266 were asked to furnish information on the costs incurred in attending the residential school. The key findings are that the costs of the residential school, travel and accommodation, are borne by the student. While employers pay for travel in a minority of cases, they tend to support the student by providing them with special leave

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & Atkinson, John S. (1996) Electronic ephemera. A threat to structured on-line education. in: Roger Debreceny and Allan Ellis (eds), AusWeb96 Landscaping the Web, Southern Cross University: Lismore. Pp. 525-528.

    The World Wide Web (WWW) has created a low-cost publishing medium which permits to project a virtual presence well beyond the geographic location of the publisher. Because of the anarchic nature of the WWW and because literally everybody with access to a modem and an internet account can publish there is level of unruliness about network publishing. While laudable as an example of freedom of expression, it poses problems for those, who wish to refer to these publications as examples and readings as part of electronic distance education packages. The ephemeral nature of many documents published on the WWW is diametrically opposed to the very nature of scholarship and academic education. The issue of permanency of documents needs to be addressed if the full potential of the WWW as a publish tool shall be realised

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) Current Attitudes of Parks Management and Ecotourism Students I: Gender Issues School of Environmental and Information Sciences Report Vol. 5. School of Environmental and Information Sciences, Charles Sturt University: Albury, NSW. br> URL: http://life.csu.edu.au/~dspennem/Publications/Attitudes96/Attitudes96_1_Gender.html

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) Gender imbalances in computer access among environmental science students. Journal of Instructional Science and Technology Vol. 1(2). URL: http://www.usq.edu.au/electpub/e-jist/spenne.htm

    A survey of environmental science students at Charles Sturt University studying both in internal and external mode, has shown that the low socio-economic standing of women is carried through to the ownership and access to computers. The observed differences are very severe, clearly setting the women students at a disadvantage. These data seem to confirm the fear that the current economic imbalances between the genders will translate into imbalances in information access and information manipulation, thus resulting in ongoing, or even exacerbated inequity

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & Atkinson, John S. (1996) Electronic ephemera. A threat to structured on-line education. in: Roger Debreceny and Allan Ellis (eds), AusWeb96 Landscaping the Web, Southern Cross University: Lismore. Pp. 525-528.

    The World Wide Web (WWW) has created a low-cost publishing medium which permits to project a virtual presence well beyond the geographic location of the publisher. Because of the anarchic nature of the WWW and because literally everybody with access to a modem and an internet account can publish there is level of unruliness about network publishing. While laudable as an example of freedom of expression, it poses problems for those, who wish to refer to these publications as examples and readings as part of electronic distance education packages. The ephemeral nature of many documents published on the WWW is diametrically opposed to the very nature of scholarship and academic education. The issue of permanency of documents needs to be addressed if the full potential of the WWW as a publish tool shall be realised

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R., Birckhead, Jim, Green, David G. & Atkinson, John S. (1996) "The electronic colonisation of the Pacific'. Computer Mediated Communications Magazine Vol. 3(2). http://www.december.com/cmc/mag/1996/feb/spen.html

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) The Information superhighway in the Pacific. Pacific Servers in April 1996. URL: http://life.csu.edu.au/~dspennem/Pacific/PacHwy0496.html

    This paper reviews the state of WWW servers in the Pacific Islands countries at the beginning of April 1996. While the number of servers has increased, the full potential or publishing has not yet been realised.In addition, a number new commercial sites have opened in the USA, which set new standards for presentation, but exhibit selective and slanted information. The predicted gap between the Pacific Islands and the overseas servers and the information published therein will continue to widen unless concerted action is taken by the Pacific Island countries
     

    1995

    Spennemann ,Dirk H.R. (1995) Skimming the bright surface, or sounding the murky depths? Teaching to learn and learning to teach Cultural Resource Management face-to-face and at a distance. In:Robert J.Meyenn , Juith Parker & Bruce Pennay(eds.) Charles Sturt University Tertiary Teaching Colloquium Papers 1994. Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW. PP. 44-59

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) On-line study packages for distance education. Some considerations of conceptual parameters. Occasional Papers in Open and Distance Education, Open Learning Institute, Charles Sturt University 18, 1-18.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & Lesley Montfort (1995) Study duration of post-graduate distance education degrees offered by Australian Universities. Occasional Papers in Distance Education, Open Learning Institute, Charles Sturt University 18, 27-32.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) Students' commitments to attend residential schools: who bears the burden? School of Environmental and Information Sciences Report nª 2, School of Environmental and Information Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW. URL: http://life.csu.edu.au/~dspennem/DSPENNEM/TEACHING/ResSch95/ResSch95_1.html

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) Students' commitments to attend residential schools: the desireability of residential schools. School of Environmental and Information Sciences Report nª 3, School of Environmental and Information Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW. URL: http://life.csu.edu.au/~dspennem/DSPENNEM/TEACHING/ResSch95/ResSch95_2.html

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) Gender imbalances in computer access among environmental science students School of Environmental and Information Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW. URL: http://life.csu.edu.au/~dspennem/Publications/Gender_SEIS_95/Gender_SEIS_95.html

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. and Anthony P. Steinke (1995) Computerised Interactive Cultural Resources Inventory Training. A computer program for survey training at Charles Sturt University. Paper read at the AUUG'95 & Asia-Pacific World-Wide Web'95 Conference & Exhibition. Darling Harbour 19-22 September 1995. [URL http://life.csu.edu.au/ ~dspennem/ Publications/WWW_CONF/CICRIT.html]

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & Anthony P.Steinke (1995) Computerised Interactive Cultural Resources Inventory Training. A computer program for survey training at Charles Sturt University. The Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage Report nª 32. The Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW.

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. & Lesley Montfort (1995) Graduate Diploma's and Coursework Masters offered by Australian Universities in Distance Education mode A descriptive analysis of various parameters. School of Environmental and Information Sciences Report No 1. Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW., 1995.

     

    WWW

     

    1995

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995)Guide to referencing on-line material. Johnstone Centre of Parks, Recreation and Heritage, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW, Australia. Document URL: http://life.csu.edu.au/~dspennem/Publications/WWW_Publishing/Referencing.html

    Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) Standardised navigation buttons: structuring the chaos in on-line delivered subjects. Paper presented at: "Designing on-line delivered subjects at Charles Sturt University. Workshop 1: Defining minimum design standards". 11 September 1995 . Charles Sturt University, Albury. Document URL: http://life.csu.edu.au//standards/Button_Paper/ DHRS_Button_Paper.html


    This document forms part of the hypertext curriculum vitaeof Dr. Dirk H.R. Spennemann (Charles Sturt University, Albury, Australia). If you arrived at this page through a search engine you may wish to call up http://csusap.csu.edu.au/~dspennem which will link you to the top of the frame-based CV.