dirk hr spennemann

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Anthropology
Publications by Dirk HR Spennemann
2007
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (2007) Tetov?n? na Marshallovych Ostrovech (?The Tattoos of the Marshall Islands?). Sowulo Press (Zdar nad Sazavou, Czech Republic).

ABSTRACT

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (2009) Tattooing in the Marshall Islands. Honolulu: Bess Press

In most Pacific Island cultures tattooing was a means of visually demonstrating rank and status within a community. In Micronesia tattooing also served to clearly mark out its wearer as a member of one island population and thereby differentiate them from people from other islands. This book provides a comprehensive overview on traditional tattooing in the Marshall Islands. Drawing on a wide range of sources it documents the nature and history of individual tattoo motifs and their combinations and places them into a cultural context.

2006
O'Neill, Jon & Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (2006) Cultural Traditions: the Realities for Elementary School Children in Micronesia. Micronesian Educator vol. 11 no. 1, pp. 1-26

Micronesian Children are increasingly exposed to commercialism and western forms of advertising. How will that affect current and future perception of traditional culture? The paper presents the results of a questionnaire survey administered to 581 school children across Micronesia. The respondents expressed strong preferences for ??favourite?? items that have little or no traditional cultural connections and are international in scope. Choices of ??favourite?? entertainment, of reading material, television, videos, music, and dancing, choices of preferred food and drink, all show an emerging internationalising of their preferences.
    If it is the wish of the Micronesian people to retain elements of their traditional cultures then concerted and deliberate, conscious action to prioritize and implement management processes that are appropriate to their cultures and circumstances must be taken soon. Cultural change is occurring with increasing rapidity throughout Micronesia and local communities are in a situation where their capacity to exercise control is limited

2005
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (2005) Breadfruit Peelers, old technology but still high tech. Las Conchas (Pacific Conchological Club, California) vol. 37 no 3, p.7.
2004
O'Neill, Jon & Spennemann, Dirk H. R. (2004) Design and Application of On-Line Questionnaires: experiences from Micronesia. The Micronesian Journal of the Human?ities and Social Sciences. Vol. 3 n? 1-2, pp. 64-80

The administration of mail-out questionnaires in Micronesia is plagued by the tyrannies of spatial and cultural distances: Micronesians live dispersed throughout the islands of Micronesia and various locales in the island and mainland USA. They have also been described as people preferring oral exchanges over written communication. While the administration of paper-based questionnaires is challenging, observations of a digital divide in the Pacific make the use of on-line questionnaires a daunting proposition. This paper describes the development of the survey instrument and how it was received by the population surveyed. Advantages and disadvantages of the methodology are discussed.

 

2003
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (2003) Traditional Milkfish Aquaculture in Nauru. Aquaculture International vol. 10 n? 6, pp. 551-562

Milkfish (Chanos chanos) aquaculture has a long antiquity on the island of Nauru (Pacific Ocean), predating European contact. Fry were caught in the surf and transferred to brackish water ponds in the island's interior. While most of the fry died, large numbers survived. They were harvested when the milkfish reached a body weight of abut 2 pounds. This paper describes the traditional approaches to aquaculture and puts them into a modern context.

 

2000
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (2000) The Marshall Islands in: Steve Gilbert (ed.), Tattooing History Source Book. New York: Juno Books. Pp. 163-171.
 

1997
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1997) Encyclopedia Entry: "2.II.8.h-ii Tongan: fence" in P.Oliver (ed.), Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World. Vol. 2 Cultures and Habitats. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge P. 1124.
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1997) Encyclopedia Entry: "2.II.5.j. Marshalls: colonial (Marshalls)" inP.Oliver (ed.), Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World. Vol. 2 Cultures and Habitats. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge P. 1162.
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1997) Encyclopedia Entry: "2.II.5.i. Marshallese (Marshalls)" inP.Oliver (ed.), Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World. Vol. 2 Cultures and Habitats. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge Pp. 1161-1162.
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1997) Encyclopedia Entry: "2.II.8.h-iii Tongan: outhouses" inP.Oliver (ed.), Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World. Vol. 2 Cultures and Habitats. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge Pp. 1124-1125.
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1997) Report on the skeletal remains from the personel shelter (site 115) and from the Reuter's Island, Shore Taroa Island, Maloelap Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands in: Adams, William, H., Ross, Richard, E., Krause, Elisabeth, L. and Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (eds), Micronesian Resources Study, Marshall Islands Archaeology. The Japanese Airbase on Taroa Island, Republic of the Marshall Islands, 1937-1945: an evaluation of World War II Remains., San Francisco, Calif. : Micronesian Endowment for Historic Preservation, US National Park Service. Pp. 128-131.

During the survey for the Micronesian Cultural Resources Study small remains of human bone were encountered inside the concrete anti-bomb personnel shelter associated with barracks building A of the Japanese airbase on Taroa Island, Maloelap Atoll. The report provides a description of the bone fragments, which were too small to yield any meaningful measurements.

 

 

1996
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) Local rebound in the face of a global economy? The increasing need to reaffirm traditional skills in: Gaynor Macdonald and Allyson Luders (eds), Australian Anthropological Conference 1996 Annual Conference. Abstracts., School of Arts and Cultural Heritage, Charles Sturt University: Albury, NSW. Pp. 62.

Cultural heritage management the world over has become fixated on the management of sites and places, on the management of tangible resources, while the traditional immersion of these sites into the cultural expressions as whole has been severed. Only too often cultural policy addresses sites as entities separate from the rest of cultural manifestations. While eco-tourism and cultural tourism allow the transformation of cultural places as income generators, many government agencies see heritage management as a millstone around the neck of economic development. The second prong of cultural policy severs traditional skills from modern society. They are recorded by arts institutes, cultural centres and museums and seen as quite separate from the modern economic structures. Resource-rich countries can economically afford, for the time being at least, the import of almost all foodstuffs and goods. Resource-poor nations cannot. This paper will review the potential relevance of traditional skills as import substitutes in the atoll nation of the Marshall Islands and show that there is very much a role to be played by traditional skills and crafts in contemporary society, and they, in fact, have a competitive advantage.

Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1996) A web of holes or a new fishing net for the Pacific? The WWW in Oceania in: Gaynor Macdonald and Allyson Luders (eds), Australian Anthropological Conference 1996 Annual Conference. Abstracts. , School of Arts and Cultural Heritage, Charles Sturt University: Albury, NSW. Pp. 63.
 

1995
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1995) Population control measures in traditional Marshallese Culture and their implications for today. Asian Culture (Asian-Pacific Culture) Quarterly 23 (1), 19-30.
 

1994
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1994) Traditional arrowroot production and utilisation in the Marshall Islands. Journal of Ethnobiology 14(2),
 

1992
html">Downing, Jane., Dirk H.R.Spennemann & Margaret Bennett (eds.) (1992) Bwebwenatoon Etto. A collection of Marshallese Legends and Traditions. With illustrations by Amram Enos and Paul Kingsbury. Marshall Islands Culture And History. Series E: Legends, Chants and Proverbs. Vol No 1. Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands: Historic Preservation Office.
    Electronic version at http://life.csu.edu.au/marshall/legends/legends.html
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Makmõk. Notes on the occurrence, utilisation, and importance of Polynesian Arrowroot (Tacca leontopetaloides ) in the Marshall Islands. Republic of the Marshall Islands Ministry of Internal Affairs / Ministry of Social Services Occasional Paper Nº 1. Majuro, Marshall Islands: Ministries of Internal Affairs and Social Services.
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Marshallese Tattoos . Marshall Islands Culture And History. Series C: Traditional Skills and Practices. Volume No 1. Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands: Historic Preservation Office. 233pp.
    Electronic version at http://life.csu.edu.au/marshall/tattoo/tattoo.html
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Arrowroot production in the Marshall Islands: past, present and future. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science 20(2), 1992, 97.
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Historic Demography of Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. Journal of the Pacific Society (Tokyo) 15(1), 1992, (1)-152)-(21)-132
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1992) Copra Revenues as a parameter of Male Income in the Outer Islands of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Journal of the Pacific Society (Tokyo) 15(2-3), 1992, 43-54.
 

1990
Spennemann, Dirk H.R. (1990) Changing Gender roles in Tongan Society: some comments based on archaeological observations. In: P.Herda, J.Terrell & N.Gunson (eds.), Tongan Culture and History . Papers from the 1stTongan History Conference held in Canberra 14-17 January 1987. Department of Pacific and South East Asian History, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, Canberra.


This document forms part of the hypertext curriculum vitaeof Dr. Dirk H.R. Spennemann (Charles Sturt University, Albury, Australia). If you arrived at this page through a search engine you may wish to call up http://csusap.csu.edu.au/~dspennem which will link you to the top of the frame-based CV.