Introduction


Life is a journey You are never dealt the hand you desire. You will come up against obstacles that are tough Questions that cannot be answered or A Relationships you will have problems in Your heart will beat, you will sweat You will cry your eyes out , and You will quit… and try again Everything obstacle you see in life is achievable you must overcome the obstacles that are in you. To overcome yourself is the key to Happiness. Remember, Our deepest fear is not that we are inadequate, our deepest fear is that we are powerful beyond all measure.


Nepal: An Introduction


Nepal is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. With an area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 30 million, Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country.Kathmandu is the capital of the nation and a treasure house of ancient art and culture. The population is 27 (2011). Nepal is a multi-ethnic and multilingual country. Manifestation of autonomy to the major castes in their respective dominion can bring all people in the mainstream of development. So, these parties have brought forth the provision of federal system of government. The second amendment in the Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2007 has also accepted this notion. Federal system involves dual government system: state government and central government.

Cultural Diversity of Nepal


The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (former Kingdom of Nepal) is a rich country in term of cultural heritage. Nepalese culture represents a fusion of Indo-Aryan and Tibeto-Mongolian influences, the result of a long history of migration, conquest, and trade. The Nepalese culture has many symbols from Hindu and Buddhist sources. This multi- dimensional cultural heritage encompasses within itself the cultural diversities of various ethnic, tribal, and social groups inhabiting different altitudes, and it manifests in various forms: music and dance; art and craft; folklores and folktales; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebrations; and foods and drinks. Important among symbols for the nation as a whole are the national flower and bird, the rhododendron and Danfe (Lophophorous); the flag; and the crossed Kukhris (curved knives) of the Gurkhas. In nationalistic rhetoric the metaphor of a garland with hundreds of flowers is used to symbolize national unity amid cultural diversity. In Nepal they believe that ‘unity in diversity’ and it is the Nepalese speciality.

Geographical Diversity of Nepal

Nepal’s contrasting features basically emanate form its diverse geographical variation. The country’s small width of 193 Km covers a landscape ranging from the Gangetic plains almost at the sea level in the south elevating to the tallest mountains in the north. The geographical variation creates diverse climatic conditions from a sub-tropical climate in the southern part to the alpine temperatures in the north. The combined effect of geographical and climatic variations fosters diverseness not only among the people and their culture but the flora & fauna and their habitats as well. Despite very little effort on the part Nepal Government to work toward a greener policy, Nepal’s Environmental Performance Index (EPI) for 2008 scores 72.1, well ahead of both its neighbor China & India. Geographically, Nepal has been divided into three regions – the plains or the Terai, the mountains, and the Hills. Each region is unique – geographically, culturally, as well as in terms of vegetation & animal variety. This sheer diversity of Nepal attracts not only the thousands of fun & adventure loving tourists & trekkers, but hundreds of scientific, social, and political researchers also find Nepal as a perfect place to conduct their research pursuits.